American Political System_Baugher__Date_021510

American Political System_Baugher__Date_021510 - The...

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The Constitution Definition: The fundamental law which organizes the state The History of the Constitution 2 Periods 1. Colonial Period a. Taxed without representation b. COntinental COngress 2. Articles of Confederation 1781 a. No executive or judiciary b. Weak national government c. States most powerful under this system i. Need 9/13 states to agree in order to pass something ii. Has to be unanimous for an amendment Shay’s Rebellion Jan 1787 - Economic downturn, upset about taxes, tarring and feathering tax collectors - National government had no revenue or army to put down rebellion; incapable of securing borders - Additional problems: No commerce to regulate inter-state trade and no standard currency Constitutional Convention 1787 - Need a national government to: - Mediate interest for public good - Prevent “tyranny of majority” and faction (Madison 51) Written 1787 Ratified 1788 Implemented 1789 7 Constitutional Principles 1. Democracy a. Government where power is held by people b. Direct (founding fathers did not elect for direct democracy)
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American Political System_Baugher__Date_021510 - The...

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