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Arth 167_Rulers' Images_Nees Jr._Date_030910

Arth 167_Rulers' Images_Nees Jr._Date_030910 - Caliph Abd...

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Caliph ‘Abd al-Malik Lecture Map - Territory in green is ruled by Islamic rulers - Largest empire in this part of the world that had ever been established (about 2x size of Roman empire at peak) - More like Alexander b/c most of this was already conquered from decades before; Muhammad 632-700 - Refer to handout for more specific dates “Caliph”- representative, deputy, successor (of the prophet Muhammad) and of god on earth Know the 5 pillars of Islam (most likely on next exam) Mecca, aerial view - Gigantic center or warship and Ka’ba is at the center of it Great mosque - Stand around Ka’ba and address it in prayer - People pray in the direction if Mecca even if not physically there Late medieval imaginative view - Accepting that revelations he received were directly from god - Karan- recitation; what Muhammad received and recited to the faithful - Essentially a big courtyard. Simple structure Compost slide of mosque forms - Don’t need intricate structure/design - Mosques have to have some kind of enclosure to separate from everyday world, courtyard containing some kind of water, and an inner room (mihrab- most of the time an empty arch to mark the qibla) Worshippers in Medina - Qibla is the direction, tell you what faces Mecca - Lots of people—ideally everyone can gather in one place for prayers, especially mid day Fridays- sense that before god everyone is equal - Look at list of early Caliphs and Umayyad dynasty on class handout Great mosque at Damascus - Built by his son, huge structure, structure around 701. Oriented toward Mecca - No other mosques that survive in large scale before this date Jerusalem - Photo of city with 16 th century wall.
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