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General Psychology_Doran_Date__031510

General Psychology_Doran_Date__031510 - Chapter 6 Learning...

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Chapter 6: Learning An Overview of Learning: Relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior resulting from experience o learning shapes our habits, behavior, emotional experience, personality, etc o learning is NOT exclusive to humans (a lot of work is done based on animals) 4 types of learning o habituation o classical conditioning o operant conditioning o they all operate under the same principle – learning by association Habituation: tendency to become familiar with a stimulus merely as a result of repeated exposure o orienting reflex eyes widen, eyebrows rise, muscles tighten, heart beats faster, brain-waves indicate heightened physiological arousal effects weakens with continued presentation of stimulus – we habituate primitive form of learning o found in all organisms decreases the power of reward to motivate o if you get the same award over and over again, it gets kind of dull o need a new reward to provide more motivation Classical Conditioning: a tendency to connect events that occur together in time and space o learning associations between events that occur in an environment
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