General Psychology_Doran_Date__040910

General Psychology_Doran_Date__040910 - Chapter 8: Language...

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Chapter 8: Language and Thought The Cognitive Revolution: 19 th century focuses on the mind o introspection behaviorists focus on overt responses o arguments regarding incomplete picture of human functioning empirical study of cognition – 1956 conference o Simon and Newell- problem solving o Chomsky- new model of language o Miller- memory Language: Turning Thoughts into Words properties of language o symbolic: words are symbols that represent meaningful concepts (the word chair on its own doesn’t mean anything, it represents our concept of what we think of a chair) o semantic: language has meaning, every word in our language means something, not just arbitrary sounds, if our words didn’t have any meaning we wouldn’t be saying anything o generative: we can construct sentences that we’ve never actually heard before, can produce new sentences o structured: there are rules for language that we call syntax, structure affects its meaning The Hierarchical Structure of Language:
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '07 term at University of Delaware.

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General Psychology_Doran_Date__040910 - Chapter 8: Language...

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