General Psychology_Doran_Date__041410

General Psychology_Doran_Date__041410 - Chapter 8: Language...

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Chapter 8: Language and Thought (continued) Problem Solving: Types of Problems Greeno (1978)- three basic classes problems of inducing structure o discover relations among numbers, words, symbols, or ideas o series completion 1 2 8 3 4 6 5 6 ? 4 A B C M C D M ? E o analogies merchant: sell :: customer : ? buy lawyer: client :: doctor : ? patient problems of arrangement o arrange the parts of a problem in a way that satisfies some criterion o string problems and anagrams often solved through insight o rearrange the letters to form a word: RWAET? water KEROJ? joker problems of transformation o involve carrying out a sequence of transformations in order to reach a specific goal o hobbits and orcs problem o water jar problem Effective Problem Solving: barriers to effective problem solving o irrelevant information- when there’s irrelevant information, people want to use it because its contained in the problem o functional fixedness- people only think of the typical uses for an object
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '07 term at University of Delaware.

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General Psychology_Doran_Date__041410 - Chapter 8: Language...

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