General Psychology_Doran_Date__050310

General Psychology_Doran_Date__050310 - Psychological...

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Psychological Disorders Axis I Clinical Syndromes: Anxiety Disorders- most common Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Mood Disorders Schizophrenic Disorders Clinical Syndromes: Anxiety Disorders: class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety generalized anxiety disorder: “free-floating anxiety” o not tied to a particular threat phobic disorder: specific focus of fear o may be due to learned responses panic disorder : recurrent, sudden anxiety attacks o physical symptoms of anxiety obsessive compulsive disorder: marked by uncontrolled intrusion of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions) o obsessions bring about anxiety which must be dealt with through compulsions Etiology of Anxiety Disorders: biological factors o genetic predisposition, anxiety sensitivity o GABA circuits in the brain conditioning and learning o acquired through classical conditioning or observational learning o maintained through operant conditioning cognitive factors o judgments of perceived threat stress o may contribute to the emergence of some anxiety disorders Clinical Syndromes: Somatoform Disorders: somatization disorder
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