Indigenous Woody Plants of the Eastern United State_Frett_Date_030410

Indigenous Woody Plants of the Eastern United State_Frett_Date_030410

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Canopy Trees Continued 1. Pinus palustris 1. Longleaf Pine 1. 50’-80’ - light: sun 2. Evergreen - soil: moist-dry 3. South, coastal plain -FAC 4. sandy woods, salt tolerant - climax 2. Notes: needles: extremely long (12-18 inches), groups of three. Bark: ridge and furrow, flat white slates. 2. Pinus rigida 1. Pitch Pine 1. 40’-60’ - light: sun 2. Evergreen - soil: moist-dry 3. North-south coastal plains - FACU 4. Sandy woods, barrens - climax 2. Notes: needles: groups of three, relatively short (3 inches), tend to twist at ends 3. Pinus serotina 1. Pond Pine 1. 45’-75’ - light: sun 2. Evergreen - soil: moist-wet 3. South coastal plains - OBL 4. Swamps, wet soils - climax 2. Notes: needles: groups of three, do not twist at ends. Length around 5 inches 4. Pinus strobus 1. Eastern White Pine 1. 50’-80’ [120’] - light: sun 2. Evergreen - soil: moist 3. Mid-North - FACU 4. Moist woods - climax 2. Notes: needles in groups of five (3.5 inches in length), have a bluish tint due to the white on the needles. Cone: long, narrow, like a wind chime.
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Unformatted text preview: 5. Pinus taeda 1. Loblolly Pine 1. 60-90- light: sun 2. Evergreen- soil: moist-dry 3. Mid-south, coastal plain- FAC 4. Moist, sandy woods, salt tolerant- climax 2. Notes: extremely common in south. Bark: very bumpy. Needles: 2-3 per group (5-7 inches) cone: bristle on bottom, Christmas tree shaped. 6. Tsuga canadensis 1. Canadian Hemlock 1. 40-70 [90]- light: sun-shade 2. Nuts- soil: moist 3. North-south mountains- FACU 4. Moist woods, shaded slopes- climax 2. Notes: needles: flat, stick out to sides, serration from tip to base. Cones: never open fully 7. Platanus occidentalis 1. American Sycamore 1. 75-100 [150]- light: sun 2. Exfoliating bark- soil: moist-wet 3. Throughout- FACW 4. Flood plains, low woods- seral 2. Notes: bark: white with dark patches that will eventually fall off. Leaf: leaf scar is base of bud, massive leaf. Fruit: round fleshy yellow balls....
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Indigenous Woody Plants of the Eastern United State_Frett_Date_030410

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