Nemir_13th_Amendment - 13th Movie Analysis 1 13th Movie...

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13th Movie Analysis 1 13th Movie Analysis Nemir Mustafa Hudson County Community College
13th Movie Analysis 2 In order to understand the movie ‘13th’ we must first understand the 13th Amendment. In 1865 a new amendment was passed, becoming the thirteenth amendment to The Constitution. This amendment pertained to slavery and making it illegal to own slaves. This amendment was passed by Abraham Lincoln while he was in office. And although slavery was abolished, the jail system still primarily holds African Americans and minorities, creating a new form of slavery. The thirteenth amendment was one of three very important ones passed after the civil war. This amendment is regarded as one of the most important amendments to date.One could see how this could be a result of the Civil War, which was fought over slavery. The United States was a nation divided by slavery, creating two sides which would battle out their differences, The North which was against slavery and the South which wanted to keep slavery. The thirteenth amendment that we now have isn’t the original version of the thirteenth amendment that we know of; there was a thirteenth amendment that was passed prior to the one we know of now. This particular one was responsible for guaranteeing slavery as legal and acceptable, and the new thirteenth amendment changed that. This version was never sent to each state to be ratified due to the civil war. ” While America’s founding fathers enshrined the importance of liberty and equality in the nation’s founding documents—including the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution—they conspicuously failed to mention slavery, which was legal in all 13 colonies in 1776.” (History) Mainly since they did not consider slaves to be people, rather they were property. Our final amendment was truly passed during the civil war while the southern states were excluded from congress. This was a strategic move, since it allowed for there to be no opposition to the amendment, which inevitably ensured that it would be passed very quickly. One would think today that it must have easily passed both the House of Representatives and the Senate. However, although it passed in April 1864 by the Senate, with a vote of 38 to 6, the required two-thirds majority was defeated in the House of Representatives by a vote of 93 to 65.

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