Introduction to International Relations_Towns_Date__030810

Introduction to International Relations_Towns_Date__030810...

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LIBERALISM Liberalism: “a paradigm predicated on the hope that the application of reason and universal ethics to international relations can lead to a more orderly, just, and cooperative world; liberalism assumes that anarchy and war can be policed by institutional reforms that empower international organization and law.” Shares a rich history with realism o John Locke, Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith In contrast to realism, liberalism looks at on domestic effects on state behavior, the implications of economic interdependence, and the role of global norms and institutions in promoting international cooperation THE LIBERAL WORLDVIEW Multiple schools of thought , but in general: o Belief in reason and progress o View of the individual as the seat of moral value o Belief that human beings should be ends, not means Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative o Emphasis on ethical responsibilities over power Corollary ideas include: o The need to prioritize humankind over nationalism o The importance of individual interests (read: human/civil rights and liberties) o Pacifism, largely through education Liberals see the international drive for war as more of a problem of living conditions than one of an internal drive for power o First step towards peaceful coexistence is the establishment of stable democracy The establishment of democratic channels, rights and responsibilities creates a less violent culture Politics is not “zero-sum” (e.g., your victory and your opponents loss are not one in the same); emphasis on just approach to international affairs
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