Introduction to International Relations_Towns_Date__030810

Introduction to International Relations_Towns_Date__030810...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LIBERALISM Liberalism: “a paradigm predicated on the hope that the application of reason and universal ethics to international relations can lead to a more orderly, just, and cooperative world; liberalism assumes that anarchy and war can be policed by institutional reforms that empower international organization and law.” Shares a rich history with realism o John Locke, Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith In contrast to realism, liberalism looks at on domestic effects on state behavior, the implications of economic interdependence, and the role of global norms and institutions in promoting international cooperation THE LIBERAL WORLDVIEW Multiple schools of thought , but in general: o Belief in reason and progress o View of the individual as the seat of moral value o Belief that human beings should be ends, not means Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative o Emphasis on ethical responsibilities over power Corollary ideas include: o The need to prioritize humankind over nationalism o The importance of individual interests (read: human/civil rights and liberties) o Pacifism, largely through education Liberals see the international drive for war as more of a problem of living conditions than one of an internal drive for power o First step towards peaceful coexistence is the establishment of stable democracy The establishment of democratic channels, rights and responsibilities creates a less violent culture Politics is not “zero-sum” (e.g., your victory and your opponents loss are not one in the same); emphasis on just approach to international affairs Democracies share common values, and are less likely to go to war with
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course POSC 240 taught by Professor Denemark during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

Page1 / 3

Introduction to International Relations_Towns_Date__030810...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online