Introduction to Latin American History_McLarnon_Date_022310

Introduction to Latin American History_McLarnon_Date_022310...

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Heritage of Spain; Reconquest & Frontier Mentality - Iberian Peninsula - Spain and Portugal - Vulnerable by land and by sea (waterways such as the Strait of Gibraltar) to countries like France and Africa - Atlantic Ocean - Mediterranean Sea - Straits of Gibraltar - Pyrenees Mountains - Various Conquerors of Spain (in order of conquest) - Celts (1000 BC) - Earliest conquerors/settlers of Spain - Indo-European (from Central Europe) - Settled the western part of Spain - Spent the majority of their time fighting the native Iberian people - Phoenicians (Lebanon) - Great merchants/traders of the ancient world - Set up the city of Carthage - Peaceful; wanted commerce not war - Settled along the eastern coast - Clashed with the native infrequently - Greeks (550 BC) - Built Sarguntum which was the greatest city-state in Spain - Catalonia - Politics - Philosophy - Carthage (400 BC) - Developed from merchant city into a powerful empire - Become a threat to Rome - 3 “Punic Wars” between Rome and Carthage (Rome loses all) - 2nd Punic War - Carthaginians want to invade Spain from the north and settle - Hannibal (ruler of Carthage) uses war elephants to invade and scare the Roman armies (they often intoxicated the elephants to make them more
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Introduction to Latin American History_McLarnon_Date_022310...

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