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Life Span Development_Palkovitz_Final Study Guide

Life Span Development_Palkovitz_Final Study Guide - HDFS201...

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HDFS201 Exam #3 Chapters 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 Lectures April 20 - May 18, 2010 Chapter 12: Gender Roles & Sexuality 2 April 20, 2010 (Lecture) 7 April 22, 2010 (Lecture) 9 Chapter 13: Attachment and Social Relationships 11 May 4, 2010 (Lecture) 15 May 6, 2010 (Lecture) 16 Chapter 14: Social Cognition and Moral Development 18 April 27, 2010 (Lecture) 22 April 29, 2010 (Lecture) 25 Chapter 15: The Family 30 Chapter 16: Developmental Psychopathology 34 May 11, 2010 (Lecture) 37 May 13, 2010 (Lecture) 40 Chapter 17: The Final Challenge: Death & Dying 42 May 18, 2010 (Lecture) 46 1
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Chapter 12: Gender Roles & Sexuality 1. Male & Female Physical differences Psychological differences Differences in roles played in society Gender roles: patterns of behavior that females/males should adopt in a partic society Gender role norms: society’s expectations/standards what males/females should be like Gender-role stereotypes: overgeneralized/largely inacc. beliefs- males/females are like Gender typing: process through which children become aware they are biological males or females and acquire the motives, values, and patterns of behavior that their culture considers approp for members of their biological sex i. Gender Norms and Stereotypes Community: orientation that emphasizes connectedness to others and includes traits of emotionality and sensitivity to others - heart of feminine gender role - girls who adopt communal traits presumably prepared to play roles of wife/mother Agency: orientation toward individ action and achievement that emphasizes traits of dominance, independence, assertiveness, and competitiveness - masculine gender role Systemize: analyze and explore how things work (male’s brain tendency) Stereotypes -- that females possess communal traits and males possess agentic traits ii. Are There Gender Differences? Research shows: Females sometimes display greater verbal abilities than males, but the diff is small Males outperform females on tests of spatial ability Females and males perform similarly on most standardized math tests and females obtain slightly higher math grades in the classroom than males Girls display greater memory ability than boys Males engage in more physical/verbal aggression than females, as early as 17 mos Boys are more physical active than girls Boys are more developmentally vulnerable Girls more tactful and cooperative as opposed to being forceful and demanding, and are more compliant w/ requests from adults Both males and females report that females are more nurturant and empathetic Females somewhat more anxious, cautious, and fearful, although not in social situations Males use comps more than females/express > confidence in their computer abilities Social-role hypothesis: suggests differences in the roles that women/men play in society do a lot to create and maintain gender-role stereotypes - must adopt contextual perspective on psychological differences btwn males/females Males/females steered toward diff roles in society 2
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2. The Infant
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