TEST 4 Notes#2.docx

TEST 4 Notes#2.docx - TEST4

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TEST 4 Includes Gender, Race, Poverty, Stratification, Science and technology Gender Fun with stereotypes o Men don’t cry or talk about feelings.  They instead retreat to their “caves”. o Women “too emotional”, very object oriented, always talk about their feelings. These things are just biological givens, so individuals must take personal action  to navigate what nature’s given us, or so the self-help books would have us  believe. o People tie these stereotypes falsely to biological differences.  o These stereotypes service to reduce the complexity of life and make it easy. Basic Assumptions o To understand gender in a sociological context, we must work with 2 basic  assumptions. There are biological differences between males and females Gender is a Social Construction. Using the sociological imagination, sex and gender may in fact be the most  difficult areas to remember that what seems natural is often anything but.  The  seemingly rigid differences between the “opposite sexes” can turn out to be fluid. Biology of Gender o Boys have a penis, and girls have a vagina o ˄ Most   ˄ Most 1
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Boys cannot give birth to children, women can. o Both have nipples. o While these are factual biological markers, the way people use these to manipulate others is what we are concerned with. Blurring the line o Biological differences are treated as a fundamental part of our social existence, ignoring the socially constructed aspects. Essentialism – the belief that social roles are determined by biological sex. o But gender is more than biology and even in nature, sex is not binary. o Gender  denotes a social position, the set of social arrangements that are built around  normative sex categories. o Gender  is a collectively defined guidebook that humans use to make distinctions among  themselves, to separate one being from another, and to comprehend an otherwise fuzzy  mass of individuals. o Paradox of Gender:  Gender is a social construction, but it is so deeply rooted and  seemingly natural that it is a major structure organizing in our everyday lives – our  goals, our desires, and even our bodies. o Gender  is ultimately about power struggles and how they organize daily life, from  household economics and wage labor to birth control and babies’ names. David Reimer o In 1976, Reimer was an average baby boy, who at 8 months suffered a botched  circumcision that left him no penis. o
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TEST 4 Notes#2.docx - TEST4

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