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Sociology Test 2 Notes

Sociology Test 2 Notes - Sociology Test 2 Notes...

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Sociology Test 2 Notes Socialization o Communication, Interaction, Norms, Roles o The process through which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a society. o Doesn’t happen overnight, very long process o Happens to adults too, not just children o Starts when we are young. Children are indoctrinated into society through their parents, friends, and any adults they are exposed to. o Even the most basic social norms are instilled through socialization Desk Behavior Speech and Language Limits to Socialization o Research into feral children show that a substantial amount of what we know is developed through socialization. Feral children are wild. These children don’t develop language skills. This doesn’t mean that human nature and biological dispositions aren’t important Nature vs. Nurture Constantly asks us what is more important, biological characteristics or socialization characteristics Icing on a cake o See the nature vs nurture perspective together. Cake is your makeup and socialization is the icing o Socialization can come in many different forms. Humans don’t have to be socialized by people specifically. Ex: Girl in Ukraine raised mainly by dogs
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Was old enough when abandoned to function in human society. You can be socialized out of human society. Lingo of Socialization o Pronouns In developing socialization we go through several processes First develop the self – how we understand ourselves without relation to anyone else. If we had never met other people this is how we would think of ourselves I is one’s sense of agency o What you are able to do o Ex: I run the lakes Me is the self, as perceived by the eye o How you think other people see you The Other is someone or something outside of the individual The Generalized other encapsulates the expectations placed on the self by the Other. We begin with the “I” Children only know the “I”. As we grow older and are introduced to parents, siblings, and friends, we develop the “Me” Doesn’t fully perceive others, but knows who they are Young children thinking they are the center of attention Later in life, we develop an idea of the other Figuring out your place among others Know these and don’t memorize Erickson’s steps
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Agents of Socialization o We are also socialized outside of our families Family First thing that socializes you because they are the first people that encounter you. Teach you their values and Norms. o Manners o Gender rules o Religion o Authority School Very important place for socialization. o Look at the board o Raising your hand and waiting patiently o Figures of authority Peers Learn how to hang out and interact with that specific group (norms of the groups) The media Gender roles (Twiggy vs. Marilyn Monroe) Religion o Religious debates on TV The Workplace Authority o You are there because you want to be there and get money Copier Etiquette
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