Problems of Corrections_Fleury-Steiner_Date_030510

Problems of Corrections_Fleury-Steiner_Date_030510 -...

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Treatment (cont.) Indeterminate sentencing at the core of the treatment model Before 1975, federal and all state systems had indeterminate sentencing o Parole boards had broad discretion in determining when offender was ready to be released Reintegration Model Offender is a product of community that excluded, failed to provide or discriminated against offender. How does reintegration differ from treatment? Treatment best addresses the underlying community problems o Poverty rates o Urban revitalization Reintegration requires the offender’s participation o Correctional agencies serve as brokers for services o Works best with designated staff The Prevention Ideology Rationale for prevention as a correctional ideology o Recidivism rates range from 40% to 70% o Perceived minimal success of current programs o Almost all offenders are released back into community Prevention in Practice Identify at risk youth Provide specialized classes
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Unformatted text preview: Provide vocational education • Maximize resources in areas of high poverty • Involve the community as criminal justice agencies tend to create more problems for youthful offenders The Pendulum Swings towards retribution Consequences of Contemporary Mass Imprisonment • Overcrowding has meant scarce resources for correctional institutions • “get tough” policies have made implementation of correctional ideologies (i.e., treatment, reintegration) very difficult. Summary • Corrections in America is in a crisis and at a crossroads o Overcrowded prisons lead to violence o Custody and control now rule 3/8/10 3 Strikes (Prop. 184): any person in the state of California found guilty of three felonies faces life in prison. “650 Lifer” Law: any person in the state of Michigan found guilty of possession of 650 grams of cocaine or heroin faces life in prison without the possibility of parole....
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