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Unformatted text preview: Early Foundations: Emil Kraeplin (1856-1926) Pioneered classification of mental illness based on biological causes Created the framework of the DSM Published 1 st Psychiatry text in 1883 Mental illness as a syndrome o Cluster of symptoms that co-occur Proposed 2 major syndromes o Dementia praecox o Manic-Depressive Psychosis Early Foundations: Psychological Approaches Mesmer (1734-1815) o Treated patients with hysteria using animal magnetism o Early practitioner of hypnosis Breur (1842-1925) o Used hypnosis to facilitate catharsis Catharsis: release of emotional tension triggered by reliving and talking about an events Early Foundations: Freud Psychoanalytic Theory o Human behavior determined by unconscious forces o Psychopathology results from conflicts among these unconscious forces Freuds Structure of the Mind o Id Unconscious, pleasure principle (immediate gratification), libido o Ego Primarily conscious, reality principle (attempts to satisfy Ids demands within...
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- Spring '08