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Unformatted text preview: Early Foundations: Emil Kraeplin (1856-1926) • Pioneered classification of mental illness based on biological causes • Created the framework of the DSM • Published 1 st Psychiatry text in 1883 • Mental illness as a syndrome o Cluster of symptoms that co-occur • Proposed 2 major syndromes o Dementia praecox o Manic-Depressive Psychosis Early Foundations: Psychological Approaches • Mesmer (1734-1815) o Treated patients with hysteria using “animal magnetism” o Early practitioner of hypnosis • Breur (1842-1925) o Used hypnosis to facilitate catharsis Catharsis: release of emotional tension triggered by reliving and talking about an events Early Foundations: Freud • Psychoanalytic Theory o Human behavior determined by unconscious forces o Psychopathology results from conflicts among these unconscious forces • Freud’s Structure of the Mind o Id Unconscious, pleasure principle (immediate gratification), libido o Ego Primarily conscious, reality principle (attempts to satisfy Id’s demands within...
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course PSYC 380 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.
- Spring '08