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Psychopathology_Fowles_Date__022510

Psychopathology_Fowles_Date__022510 - Current Paradigms...

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Current Paradigms: Psychodynamic Fails to contribute to our empirical understanding of the causes of psychopathology o Greatest contributions are in treatment Current Paradigms: Cognitive Behavioral Roots in learning principles and cognitive science Behavior is reinforced by consequences o Attention o Escape or avoidance o Sensory stimulation o Acess to desireable objects or events To alter behavior, modify consequences (e.g. time out) Systematic Desensitization o Relaxation plus exposure Imaginal or in vivo (real-life) o Important treatment for anxiety disorders Information Processing Schemas: mental structures for organizing information about the world Reliability Consistency of measurement o Inter-rater: observer agreement o Test-retest: similarity of scores across repeated test administrations or observations o Internal Consistency: extent to which test items are related to one another
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