Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Date_030410

Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Date_030410 -...

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The Scientific Revolution Concepts of the Scientific Revolution Definition: Between the 16 th and 18 th centuries a series of scientific discoveries unfolded in Europe. These discoveries challenged traditional religious and scientific assumption and changed our conception of the universe. Historians refer to these change in thought and belief as a Scientific Revolution that began with Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543), who asserted a new interpretation of the cosmos, and ended with Isaac Newton (1642-1727), who proposed universal laws and a mechanical universe Astronomy Middle Ages (Old Conceptions before the Scientific Revolution) o Aristotelian conception of the universe Earth centered universe with the Moon, Sun and all heavenly bodies moving around the earth. Universe was organized as a natural hierarchy Motion results from the property of bodies not from external forces The earth as the heaviest body of the universe is located in the center Everything in motion has been moved by another object itself in motion o Scholasticism The predominant philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages. Scholastic thought combined faith and reason. It adopted Aristotelian models. St. Thomas Aquinas was the main proponent of Scholasticism o Problems of the Aristotelian Model Mathematically inaccurate Difficult to measure the moon and planets motion cycles Epicycle Geometric model used to explain the variation of speeds
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o Nicholas Copernicus Monk and Astronomer Founder of modern astronomy Stated that the Earth and all of the other planets rotated around the sun o The Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies Copernicus’ book which stated his theories on the heliocentric
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Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Date_030410 -...

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