Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Date_030910

Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Date_030910 -...

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Enlightenment Continued…. Enlightened thinkers questioned the three basic pillars of the Old Regime The preponderance of religion Absolutism as the best form of government The society of estates Evolution Started as a moderate reformist initiative o Some monarchs throughout Europe embraced the Enlightenment ideas and even implemented some Ended as a condemning revolutionary movement o Many Enlighten thinkers felt as though reform was only possible through war The Proponents of Enlightenment o Philosophes Term given in 18 th century France to intellectuals in varied fields of knowledge who, in spite of divergent personal views, were united in their conviction of the supremacy and efficiency of human reason Questioning of Traditional Religion o Skeptics: David Hume Scottish (1711-1776) Similar to Descartes who established a philosophy based on experience, rational thinking and methodic doubt Hume encouraged the adoption of an attitude of doubt or incredulity as
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Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Date_030910 -...

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