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Unformatted text preview: European Nationalism Nationalism Active ideology in modern world In recent years more than thirty-eight conflicts of nationalist character around the world The unification of Italy and Germany 1814-1870 The beginnings of Imperial disintegration for the Austrian and Ottoman Empires The beginning of the end of the balance of powers established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 Concept of Nations Nationalism is the expression of a human need: The search for identity Nation from Latin natio (to be born) Historical evolution o Renaissance State o Modern Nationalism Influences of Liberalism, Romanticism, and conservatism: Right to self-determination Search for uniqueness Value of tradition Two Main Forms of Nationalism Civic nationalism: Conceives the nation as an association of independent citizens with equal rights, duties, and allegiances to a given state. Civic nationalism rejects the idea that the nation is based on common ethnic ancestry, the nation is a political entity, whose core is political participation instead of ethnicity. Ethnic nationalism: Understands the nation as a community of people sharing the same ethnicity. An ethnic group is a human collective integrated by individuals identifying with each other, through a common heritage that is real or imagined. That heritage determines the main elements are language, folklore, religion, customs, values, and race. o...
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- Spring '08