Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Study Guide

Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Study Guide -...

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Unformatted text preview: QUESTIONS 1. The Industrial Revolution profoundly changed European civilization. Discuss the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the lower and middle classes. Overall, was this impact beneficial or harmful? Important People Josiah Wedgwod o English Porcelain manufacture o Pioneered advertising techniques James Hargreaves o The Spinning Jenny o Sixteen spindles improved to one hundred and twenty spindles Richard Arkwright o The Water Frame o Water powered device that was designed to produce cotton fabric. It used a water wheel to increase production Thomas Newcomen o Invented the first steam engine James Watt o Increased the efficiency of the Steam Engine Henry Cort o Puddling Process Women Managed agricultural industries Were expected to work in the home Cities Growth o London 700,000 1,000,000 o Paris 500,000 o Berlin Tripled to 170, 000 o Warsaw 120,000 o St. Petersburg 250,000 Classes of people Upper Class o Small group of nobles o Large merchants o Bankers o Financiers o Clergy o Government officials o Controlled political and economic affairs The Middle Class o Prosperous not necessarily wealthy o Merchants o Trades people o Bankers o Professionals o Lived in cities and towns sources of income had little or nothing to do with the land o Fostered the revolution of consumption Artisans o Shopkeepers o Artisans o Wage Earners Single largest group in any city Grocers, butchers, fishmongers, carpenters, cabinetmakers, smiths, printers, hand-loom weavers and tailors Lived where they worked Important Middle Class gained from the industrial revolution, they came from it Many poor people were exploited Hard Times Charles Dickens Cities became crowded 2. Discuss German and Italian nationalist feelings as they developed in the 19th century. In what aspects was Italian nationalism similar to German nationalism? In what respects did the processes of unification of these two countries differ? German Nationalism New Germany o Large o Prosperous o Conservative o Technologically advanced Zeppelin Steel Evolution o Conservative Pragmatic imperialistic after 1890 o Ethnic nationalism Volkish movement Folklore and populist Das Volk the people Interpreted national identity with a romantic approach...
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Semmel during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

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Western Civilization 1648 to the Present_Cruz_Study Guide -...

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