{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

spine sohp soton - Introduction to Introduction to Spinal...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Introduction to Spinal Anatomy s Spine made up from – – – – – 7 cervical 12 thoracic 5 lumbar 5 fused sacral 4 fused rudimentary bones that form the coccyx Curves of the Curves of the spine s s s Cervical lordosis but with upper cervical kyphosis (C0/1/2) Lumbar lordosis Thoracic kyphosis Structure of a typical lumbar Structure of a typical lumbar vertebrae s s Spinous and transverse processes Joints s s s Pedicles Body Lamina – facet (zygopophyseal) – interbody Structure of a typical lumbar vertebrae s s s Large discs for weight bearing and shock absorbing Large Joints that limit movement Small range of overall movement Structure of a typical thoracic vertebrae s s s s Longer and more vertical spinous processes Smaller Thinner discs Facets for rib articulations Structure of a typical cervical vertebrae s s s s s Smaller & thinner discs Smaller processes Different orientation of joints Foramen transversarium for vertebral artery Uncovertebral joints Structure of atypical cervical vertebrae s Atlas and Axis s s s Pivot Joint Mainly rotation about odontoid peg Integrity of joint maintained by strong ligaments – (C1 & 2) no disc Sacrum Sacrum s s s Fused vertebrae Sacral foramen for sacral nerve roots Form part of sacro­ iliac joint Intervertebral Intervertebral foramen s Foramen – formed between the pedicles above and below – the vertebral body and discs in front – the joint behind Intervertebral foramen s Contains – nerve root and sinuvertebral nerve – blood vessels – lymphatic vessels – fat Intervertebral foramen s s Nerve root occupies 1/3 of the space in the intervertebral foramen Contains the dorsal root ganglion Cervical Intervertebral Cervical Intervertebral foramen s s Nerve roots run in gutters Close to uncovertebral joint and vertebral artery Vertebral Vertebral artery s Blood supply to the brain with the internal carotid arteries ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern