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Organizational Development - Organization Development 1...

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Organization Development 1 Organization Development Organization Development
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Organization Development 2 Organization development is the system wide application and transfer of behavioral science knowledge to a planned development, improvement, and reinforcement of the strategies, structures, and processes that lead to the organization effectiveness (Cummings, Worley, 2009). The five stems of organization development are as follows: 1.) Laboratory training 2.) Action Research/Survey feedback 3.) Normative Approaches 4.) Quality of Work Life 5.) Strategic Change Laboratory training began in the summer of 1946 at a research center for group dynamics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for help on research and training community leaders. This was a small set of individuals who learned from their own communications and evolving group processes, such as interpersonal communication, personal growth, leadership, and group dynamics. Action research and survey feedback was started in the late 40’s by social scientists John collier, Kurt Lewin, and William Whyte. They discovered that research needed to be directly associated to action of the organization members were going to use research in order to manage change. In 1947 when Kurt Lewin died the scientist who began laboratory training the Massachusetts Institute of technology joined the research team.
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Organization Development 3 This is when they did their first study of management and employee attitudes.
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