ANT 302 Mid-Term Review (1)

ANT 302 Mid-Term Review (1) - A ustin DeBoer ANT 302...

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Austin DeBoer ANT 302 Mid-term review: Terms: 1. Anthropology: a. Form Greek: Anthropos, “human being”; logos, “reason” or “speech” b. The comprehensive and holistic evaluation of the history of human beings. c. Subfields: i. Archaeology ii. Biological or physical anthropology iii. Linguistic anthropology iv. Cultural anthropology (also called social or socio-cultural anthropology) 2. Cultural Anthropology: a. Cultural Anthropology: i. The comparative cross-cultural study of present-day human societies and cultures. ii. They study: 1. The whole range of the human experience 2. Much in common with other social science and the humanities a. Economy, politics, and sociology b. History c. Arts 3. Culture: a. Principal Concern in Culture: i. What distinguishes humans from other animals is Culture 1. Culture: A slippery concept a. Culture is a very complex term b. Henry James: cultures is a “loose baggy monster” c. Raymond Williams:
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Austin DeBoer ii. Popular misconceptions of culture I (native American painting) 1. We have “culture” while other don’t 2. For example, the early portrayals of native Americas as lacking culture and close to the nature 3. Here, culture is seen as the intellectual side of (western) civilization. 4. Defined by “classic” European aesthetic forms (opera, ballet, theatre, literature, art); fixed definition 5. Idea that only certain nation, classes, races, ethnic grounds, or educational strata have real “culture” have justified elitism, racism, and ethnocentrism. 6. In this usage, “culture” is a specialized ad superior form of intellectual and aesthetic practice. 7. Serves to label certain products (e.g. literacy or musical works) as the greatest of highest achievements of humanity iii. Popular misconception II 1. The others have culture, while we don’t. instead we have technology 2. For example, phrases like “ that have so much, so rich culture” iv. 1. Popular misconception III: 2 sides of the coin: a. All human societies have culture; not more or less b. Every singly human action, institution, belief, practice and artifact are cultural c. Human being are bound with culture. v. Where does this concept of culture come from: 1. “culture” emerged as a noun that referred first to agriculture( cultured milk) and then was applied to the cultivation of human capacities 2. following that application “culture” started to be used for “cultivated” activities to distinguish them form the “uncultured” or “uncivilized” ones. 3. More recently (last 100 years), “culture” also has come to mean the life context of all societies. 4. Explicit/ Tacit Culture: a. Explicit culture is the cultural knowledge you can talk about. i.
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ANT 302 Mid-Term Review (1) - A ustin DeBoer ANT 302...

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