HCA220_Appendix_D - Axia College Material Appendix D Seven...

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Axia College Material Appendix D Seven Organizational Approaches A. Use the matrix below to describe each approach to organizing information about the body. Discuss how each approach can be used. Approach Describe the approach How might the approach be used? Body planes and directions The body planes and directions approach is the studying of the human body by dividing it into planes. There is the coronal plane (or frontal plane) which vertically divides the entire body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections. There is the Midsagittal plane which divides the entire body into right and left sections. Moving from the side of the body towards the Midsagittal plane is called the medial direction or medially. Moving from the Midsagittal plane towards the side of the body is called the lateral direction or laterally. The Transverse Plane is the horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom sections. The upper portion of the body is called the superior section and the lower portion is called the inferior section. There are other directions as well that include the Cephalad (or Superiorly) direction which means moving towards the head. The Caudad (or Inferiorly) direction which moves towards the tail bone or feet. The Distal or distally direction is moving from the body towards the end of a limb. The proximal or proximally direction is moving from the end of the limb towards where the limb is attached to the body. This approach might be used when studying certain organs, or specific areas within the body like the lungs, brain, joints, tendons, muscles, or bones that may need to be scanned, x-rayed or looked at with other machines like ultrasound machines and so on. Body cavities The body cavities approach is the studying of the human body according to its body cavities. There are five cavities in the body which are, the cranial cavity which is within and protected by the cranium. This cavity contains the brain, nerves and other structures. The spinal cavity or spinal canal is a
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HCA220_Appendix_D - Axia College Material Appendix D Seven...

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