Chapter 5&6 - Chapter 5 6 Work Motivation Slide 6-1...

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Slide 6-1 Chapter 5 & 6 Work Motivation
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Slide 6-2 Learning Goals What is motivation? Why motivation is important? What is need theory? What is job characteristic theory? Describe how goal and reward expectations motivate others Explain how treating people fairly influences their motivation to work. How does motivation affect job performance and organizational commitment? Explains what types of goals are most effective in producing high levels of motivation and performance. Explain how goal setting affects performance
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Slide 6-3 Office Space What can motivate us in the work place? http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =_v90q0ydxMI http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =pIBbYLos9-c&feature=rela
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Slide 6-4 The relationship between Motivation and Performance Motivation is a critical consideration because performance is largely a function of two factors: motivation and ability ( Opportunity is beyond organizational behavior, so let’s put it aside, now, in this class). Performance = f (ability x motivation)
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Slide 6-5 What is Motivation? Motivation is defined as a set of energetic forces that originates both within and outside an employee, initiates work- related effort, and determines its direction, intensity, and persistence.
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Slide 6-6 Motivation and Effort Colquitt et al. 2008
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Slide 6-7 Key Approaches to Motivation in the Workplace Meeting basic human needs Designing jobs that motivate people Enhancing the belief that desired rewards can be achieved Treating people equitably Question: Can you pair these approaches with corresponding motivational theories?
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Slide 6-8
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Slide 6-9 Motivation Theories Individual Differences Need Theories Environment Job Characteristics Model
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Slide 6-10 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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Slide 6-11 Needs are social deficiencies that a person experiences at any particular time Needs create tensions which an individual makes an effort to reduce or eliminate
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Slide 6-12 Assumptions of Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy A satisfied need ceases to motivate behavior Several needs affect a person’s behavior at any one time Lower level needs must be satisfied before higher level needs are activated More ways to satisfy higher level needs than lower level needs Dissatisfaction of needs affect mental health We have an innate desire to move up the hierarchy
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Slide 6-13 McClelland’s Theory of Needs Need for Achievement The drive to excel, to achieve  in relation to a set of  standards, to strive to  succeed.
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