Gilgamesh - EpicofGilgamesh...

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    Epic of Gilgamesh September 23, 2008
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    (Earthly) Setting
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    [Some Extra Stuff] Civilizations mentioned: Sumer: Late 6th-mid-3rd mill. BCE Akkad: (height) 24th-22nd cent. BCE (Neo)-Assyria: 911-612 BCE Other: Library of Ashurbanipal Descent of Inanna  (Sumerian Ishtar) Descent of Ishtar  (Akkadian) Atrahasis  (Alternate Flood Version)
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    Historical Background Mesopotamia traditionally consisted of small,  competing city-states that were often swept  up by larger conquerors. Sumerian King List: Gilgamesh (maybe 2700  BCE?) was 5th divine king after the Flood. Uruk was famous for its walls, said to be built  by Gilgamesh; their destruction was  particularly memorialized by Sargon of Akkad,  Uruk’s conqueror.
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    History of Text QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Ashurbanipal (c. 668-627 BCE) QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Cuneiform tablet of Gilgamesh Extant by 2000 BCE Written on 12 cuneiform  tablets in Old Babylonian Found in burned ruins of  Ashurbanipal’s Library in  Nineveh
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  Myth as History Sumerian king list: makes both  Flood and Gilgamesh as  concrete parts of history. Gilgamesh closely connected  to walls of Uruk G’s actions are possibly a  reflection of other (more  historically real) kings, such as  one who turns a cedar forest  into city temples. QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompresso are needed to see this picture. Late Assyrian (721-05 BCE) statue of Gilgamesh
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    The Cast Mortals: Gilgamesh : King of Uruk; son of Ninsun and  Lugalbanda, friend to Enkidu; 1/3 mortal, 2/3 god Enkidu : created by the gods especially to be the   companion of Gilgamesh The Hunter : discovers Enkidu out in the wild The Harlot : temple priestess who civilizes Enkidu Humbaba : a giant monster, sacred to Enlil, that  guards the Cedar Forest.
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    The Cast Cont’d Immortals Ninsun : Gilgamesh’s mother, a minor goddess of  Uruk Enlil : a major god whom Humbaba serves, who once  decreed the destruction of man Shamash : sun god, patron to Gilgamesh Ishtar : goddess of sex/love and war Scorpions : Male and female monsters that guard the  cave into which the sun descends at night Siduri : “the barmaid at the edge of the universe” Urshanabi : Utnapashtim’s ferry Utnapashtim and wife:  mortal couple granted  immortality after escaping Enlil’s flood Ea : clever god who instructs Utnapishtim
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    Plot Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, is abusing his  power.
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