Lecture 6 - Relationships of Gods and Humans: Glitches and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Relationships of Gods and Humans: Glitches and Problems 09/16/08
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Twelve Olympians Zeus (Jupiter) *Hestia (Vesta) Hera (Juno) *Ares (Mars) Athena (Minerva) *Hermes (Mercury) Demeter (Ceres) *Aphrodite (Venus) Apollo (Apollo) *Hephaestus (Vulcan) Artemis (Diana) *Poseidon (Neptune) N.B. In some lists, Hestia is replaced by Dionysus (Bacchus)
Background image of page 2
Origins of Interactions of Gods and Humans The First Sacrifice Epiphany of gods to humans proves a god’s divinity; establishment of cult that allows continued interaction of gods and humans E.g., Demeter (Eleusinian Mysteries), Apollo (Delphi and Delos) Epiphany of Dionysus – shows the god’s greatness; demands respect same demands as when establishing a cult
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Breakdown in the Relationship of Gods and Mortals Zeus’ reaction to the first sacrifice Works and Days : Zeus punishes races that do not worship the gods (e.g., Silver race of men; hints that this is why the current Iron race will be destroyed) Theme: gods in myths single out and punish those who do not worship them – sometimes individual vendetta of a single god against an individual mortal What does this theme teach us about the Greeks’ perception of their gods?
Background image of page 4
Athenian Tragedy City Dionysia or Great Dionysia – established in 6 th c. BC, took place each spring Myth about founding of the festival: cf. the myth told in the Bacchae 3 tragedians completed in each festival, each performing 3 tragedies + satyr play Listening/seeing myths on tragic stage = an act of political participation in Ath. democracy
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Myths in Athenian Tragedy Purpose of telling myths in tragedy vs. purpose of telling myths in hymns: 1. Use of myths to glorify Athens above all other poleis 2. Use of myths to comment on past and current historical events 3. Often show the negative side of the gods and their role in the lives of mortals
Background image of page 6
Thebes in Athenian Tragedy Historically, Thebes medized during Persian Wars (490 BC) In tragedies, Thebes = anti-Athens i.e. Thebes = lawlessness Thebes = tyranny Thebes = hated by the gods
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Foundation of Thebes in Myth I Kidnapping of Europa by Zeus Agenor sends his sons to search for Europa, tells them not to come back without her Delphic oracle tells Cadmus to stop search, and follow a special cow cow collapses at location of Thebes Cadmus slays a dragon sacred to Ares Advised by Athena, C. sows half the teeth, and armed warriors spring out of the earth
Background image of page 8
Cadmus
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Foundation of Thebes in Myth II Athena advises Cadmus to throw stones at warriors warriors kill each other; only 5 survive, and found Thebes with Cadmus
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course CC 32770 taught by Professor Popov-reynolds during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas.

Page1 / 38

Lecture 6 - Relationships of Gods and Humans: Glitches and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online