Lecture 16 - Homer and the Trojan War: Introduction...

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Homer and the Trojan War: Introduction 10/28/08
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Mythical Chronology: Review Creation of the gods, world, and civilization Creation of the current order in the world of the gods Creation of man Creation of rules governing interactions of gods and mortals (e.g., sacrifice) Creation of woman The rise of heroes/demi-gods The War of the Seven against Thebes The Trojan War
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Trojan War and Mythical Chronology Trojan War – greatest event in the world of Greek myth Creates the greatest and most memorable heroes (e.g., Achilles) Zeus’ plan to destroy race of heroes/demi-gods Marks the end of the Age of Heroes/Age of Mythology First event mentioned by Greek historians
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Sources for the Myths of the Trojan War Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey The Epic Cycle Athenian tragedy Historiographers (Herodotus and Thucydides) Art
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Who Was/Were Homer? Homer’s Iliad – earlier work of Greek literature OR second work of Greek literature Composed orally in dactylic hexameter Composed sometime in 8 th c. BC, but parts or the poem are older/younger Odyssey – definitely younger than Iliad Written down much later Peisistratean recension (mid-6 th c. BC) maybe references to Athens date to that time
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Homer at UVA
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Causes of the War: Judgment of Paris Zeus and Thetis Prophecy of Prometheus about Thetis: her son would be stronger than his father Marriage of Peleus (son of king of Aegina) and Thetis Eris and the Golden Apple Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite ask Paris to award the apple Paris chooses Aphrodite
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Judgment of Paris
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Causes of the War II: Helen Helen – already caused a small war before The Oath of Tyndareus, taken by all of Helen’s suitors Helen and Menelaus, king of Sparta Paris’ abduction of Helen – violation of xenia Agamemnon enforces the oath of Tyndareus and raises an army
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Trojan War: (almost) the beginning The Greek army at Aulis (Euripides’ Iphigenia at Aulis ) Agamemnon offends Artemis – either killed a sacred stag and/or boasted about his hunting skill OR forgot to sacrifice to Artemis Artemis sends contrary wind Greek navy stuck at Aulis angry army Calchas’ prophecy Sacrifice of Iphigenia Consequences of the sacrifice
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The Trojan War in the Iliad Iliad – from Ilion/Ilium (= Troy) 24 books one for each letter of Greek alphabet Takes place in 10 th year of the war No clear description of the beginning or end of the war Author shows awareness of other Greek myths both from before and after the Trojan war Greek myths predate writing and literary composition
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Iliad : Major Greek Characters N.B. No such thing as unified Greece! Agamemnon – king of Mycenae/Argos Menelaus and Helen – Sparta Odysseus – king of Ithaca Diomedes, son of Tydeus – king of Argos Ajax, son of Telamon – king of Salamis Ajax, son of Oileus – king of Locris Achilles – king of Myrmidons Patroclus – one of former suitors of Helen Nestor – king of Pylos Calchas – seer/priest
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Iliad : major Trojan Characters Priam and Hecuba - king and queen of Troy Hector - son of Priam
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course CC 32770 taught by Professor Popov-reynolds during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

  • Spring '10
  • Popov-Reynolds
  • The Odyssey, The Iliad, War, Armor, Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon, Priam, Thetis, Paris, Patroclus, Aeneas, Andromache, Apollo, Athena, Diomedes, Glaucus, Helen, Hera, Menelaus, Odysseus, Pandarus, Thersites, Zeus, Odysseus, Athena, Zeus, Achilles, Menelaus

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Lecture 16 - Homer and the Trojan War: Introduction...

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