Test Notes for 2nd Exam

Test Notes for 2nd Exam - Unit II (Greece) timeline:...

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Unit II (Greece) timeline: *Describe each location – Minoan Crete, Mycenaea, ect… Late Bronze Age (1700-1100) 1700-1550 – Minoan Palaces o 2 Palace Periods (Old (1930-1700) and New (1700-1350)) o Labyrinth – vast and complicated o Phaistos, Mallia, Kato Zakro, Knossos All have similar plan New – on top of old palace after it was destroyed (1700) Old – Glorious, lots of art Adorned with beautiful people and things Jewelry – high karat gold o Bee Pendant – made with wires and molded gold, little globulous of gold to pick out details of bees = GRANULATION Pots – Kamares Ware o Vividly painted o Spouted pot painted with rosettes o Tea-cup – egg shell ware (thin) o Florals stick out o Sea-weed motifs on stem of glass (characterize Minoan Art) Things move and intertwine – fluid not static o Octopus Vase – interested in movement – swirling around pot o Pithoi – Storage pot – almost human size and decorated with swirls and
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rosettes (in relief) o Knossos – Sir Arthur Evans excavated around 1900 Architecture Centered Courtyard – enormous (size of football field) Grand Staircase West Court – near low stepped area (theatrical area) Storage Space – “magazines” Resting Quarters Banquet Halls Reception Rooms Cult Rooms All have court oriented on holy mountain that has sanctuary or peak Post-and-Lintel Construction o Flexibility o Square Architecture o Can block off – seal off and open up o Use light and air in large space o Floor paved with square stone Ashlar – cinderblocks Frescos – painted wall with pigments Dry and wet frescos (only dry in Minoan) Dolphin frescos on wall (reconstruction) o Not originally on wall but on floor of banquet hall Everything is in movement o Freeze frame o Abstract removes you Idea of usage of Center Court o Women in conversation in sea of brown men
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o Social women ruled o Women are shown with detail and men aren’t 1300-1200 – Mycenaean Palaces o Fortified by wall - bedrock o All share architectural features o Megaron – each palace has one o 1 central room and others for living quarters o Last room you go through gates to get into it and there is a throne inside of it o Central feature o Function o Fortified Citadels o Main front gate (lion gate) Builders – sheer out drop of bedrock later builders called this Cyclopean 2 lions on top of gate in-between Minoan column which references Min. Crete Relieving triangles that relieves weight on top of lintel o Tiryns Palace (looks like squid) o Main gate with right side exposed to people on wall o Long and complicated path to get to the Megaron (extra protected) o Tall walls Protecting citadel Hallow for storage zone and protection o Could be locked in palace for a long period of time and survive – fortress o Pylos – Palace of Nester o Lots of rooms and lots of space which was good for storage
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o Frescos Battle frescos (dry)
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Test Notes for 2nd Exam - Unit II (Greece) timeline:...

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