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Unit VIII Post World War II Presidents

Unit VIII Post World War II Presidents - Unit VIII Post...

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Unit VIII: Post World War II Presidents Domestic and Foreign Policy ~1945-1992~ A Meridian APUSH Study Guide by Staff: John Ho, Jeff Gu, Jason Liu, Tim Qi, Amy Young, and Willy Zhang Harry S. Truman (1945-1952) Domestic Agenda: The Fair Deal Federal Housing Administration After WWII, the FHA offered insured housing mortgages and low interests on 30 year loans. This increased interest in buying Single- family homes and started the growth of the suburbanite class. Brannan Plan Provided federal support for farm income while still allowing farm product prices to be controlled by the open market. This ensured farm production while still keeping a competitive market. Desegregation of the Military In 1948, Truman issued an order to organize the military regardless of race. In response, Southern democrats rejected Truman and sponsored J. Strom Thurmond for the next Presidential candidate. Repeal Taft- Hartley Act 1947. Truman vetoes the bill but the House of Representatives repealed the veto and enacted it. The Taft-Hartley Act limited workers by reducing union powers and forcing union leaders to take pledges of loyalty to state. Legislation Defeated: 1) National Health Plan, 2) Federal School Aid, 3) Civil rights legislation Foreign Policy: Truman’s Foreign Policy Issue Action Description European Containment Truman Doctrine Promised monetary & military aid to any country that is perceived to be threatened by the USSR. Marshall Plan Joint plan to rebuild and recover the European nations after WWII. Most of the aid was given to the more “developed” capitalist countries. The now “3 rd world countries” were for the most part left out of the plan. Copyright© 2006 (April 22 th ) All rights reserved. APUSH Study Guide v1.0 by Meridian Notes. Do not distribute or reproduce without replicating this copyright. 1945 1952 1960 1963 1968 1974 1976 1980 1988 1992 Post World War II Presidential Timeline Dwight D. Eisenho we r Harry S. Truman John F. Kenned y Lyndon B. Johnson Richard M. Nixon Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan George H.W. Bush *Not to chronological scale
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Berlin Airlift USSR controlled East Germany and splits with the Western Europe, cutting of Berlin from the rest of Europe. US bombers sent much needed supplies to Berlin on the east side of the Iron Curtain. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) “An attack on one is an attack on all”. Created to counter the possible attacks from communist USSR. U.S. enters the first entangling alliance since the alliance with France during the American Revolution. Vandenberg Resolution The resolution to create NATO. It was formed out of the fear that the USSR would try to change countries into communist regimes, one at a time. Asian Containment Loss of China Democratic Jiang Jieshi looses to Communist Mao Zedong. Jiang Jieshi flees to the island of Formosa (Taiwan). Many criticize America for not giving enough support to China.
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