AMERICAN PAGEANT - CHAPTER 5

AMERICAN PAGEANT - CHAPTER 5 - Chapter Five: Colonial...

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Chapter Five: Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution (1700 - 1775) Conquest by the Cradle Britain ruled 32 colonies in North America in 1775, including Canada and parts of the Caribbean. Some were wealthier, larger, and more populous than the 13. Similarities between the 13 colonies: o Populations exploding. o Most of population growth came from fertility of Americans. o The colonists were doubling their numbers every 25 years! o Average age in 1775 was 16. In 1700, there were 20 English subjects to every American colonist. In 1775, this dropped to three to one. Bulk of populations was east of the Alleghenies, although by 1775 a few pioneers had trickled into Tennessee and Kentucky. (1775) Most populous colonies: (in order) Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland. Most populous cities: Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Charleston. 90% of people lived in rural areas. A Mingling of the Races Great diversity right from beginning. By 1775, Germans were 6% of total population, fleeing religious persecution, economic oppression, and war. Settled chiefly in Pennsylvania. They were mostly Lutheran Protestant and were known erroneously as the Pennsylvania Dutch (derived from Deutsch - German) and comprised about 1/3 of Pennsylvania's population. In Philadelphia, street signs were They had no deep loyalty to the British crown, and they clung to their language and customs. The Scots-Irish were about 7% of the population, not Irish at all, but Scots Lowlanders. Over many decades, they had migrated to Northern Ireland where they had not prospered. The Irish Catholics already there hated Scottish Presbyterianism and still do. The English government also placed heavy restrictions on their production of linens and woolens. Early in the 1700s many of them immigrated to America, chiefly to tolerant Pennsylvania. The best acres were already taken by Germans and Quakers so they pushed out on the frontier and squatted on the unoccupied land, quarreling with both Indian and white owners. When they reached the Allegheny barrier, it was deflected south into Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas. They proved to be good frontiersmen, although they were frequently belligerent towards the Indians. By the mid-18 th century, a chain of Scots-Irish settlements lay scattered along the great wagon road, which ran along the Appalachian foothills from Pennsylvania to Georgia. Lawless, they brought with them secrets of whiskey distilling and their hatred for the British government. They were very rebellious, leading the armed march of the Paxton Boys on Philadelphia in 1764, protesting the Quaker oligarchy's lenient policy towards the Indians. A few years later they led the Regulator movement in North Carolina, a small but nasty rebellion against eastern domination of the colony's affairs. Many of these later joined the American revolutionists – including Andrew
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course AMER HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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AMERICAN PAGEANT - CHAPTER 5 - Chapter Five: Colonial...

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