Chapter 16-Reforms etc. - CHAPTER 16 NOTES-JEFF GU Roads o...

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CHAPTER 16 NOTES-JEFF GU Roads o Lancaster Turnpike Privately funded Lancaster-Philadelphia o Cumberland Road Funded by fed govt at first, later on by state and fed combo Cumberland, Maryland- Vandalia, Illinois o State’s Righters opposed federal aid for local projects o Eastern states felt that their population was bled into the west (loss of power) Erie Canal (1817-1825) o NY funded o Buffalo-Troy, Lake Erie-Hudson River o RESULTS Cheaper travel and shipping Railroads (First in 1828, mostly in the Northeast) o Drew traffic away from canals o Instead of N-S, now E-W Trails o Oregon Trail- Portland-Omaha o California Trail- Sacramento- Oregon Trail o Pony Express- San Francisco-St. Joseph o Mormon Trail-Los Angeles-Salt Lake City o Santa Fe Trail- Santa Fe- Independence o Spanish Trail-Los Angeles-Santa Fe Court Cases o Marbury vs. Madison Est. Judicial Review Involved Midnight Judges o McCulloch vs. Maryland-(1819) Maryland tried to destroy a branch of the BUS by taxing it Marshall ruled that the bank is constitutional by implied powers Marshall said that Maryland cant tax the BUS Est. No state can control federal agencies o Gibbons vs. Ogden-(1824)
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