APUSH Study Guide Unit V - Unit V: The Gilded Age ~18691900~

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Unit V: The Gilded Age ~1869-1900~ An APUSH Study Guide by John Ho and Tim Qi Politics: Presidential Elections:  Characterized by exceptionally close popular vote and constant switching of power in Congress. Elections 1868 Republicans: Ulysses Grant Campaigning with the “bloody shirt”, Grant is elected, calling “let us have peace”. His administration is  scarred by numerous scandals. Democrats: Horatio Seymour 1872 Republicans: Ulysses Grant Democrats endorsed the candidate of the split Liberal Republicans Horace Greeley, editor of the  New  York Tribune . Grant is reelected with a comfortable margin. Liberal Republicans and  Democrats: Horace Greeley 1876 Republicans: Rutherford Hayes The candidates received an electoral tie, resulting in a Congressional deadlock broken by the  Compromise of 1877, where Hayes is allowed to take office under the conditions that Reconstruction  end with all troops withdrawn and a railroad through Texas (not kept). Democrats: Samuel Tilden 1880 Republicans: James A. Garfield Garfield advocated for a higher tariff and belatedly called for civil service reforms and Hancock a  minimal tariff. Both were Civil War veterans. Garfield secured the most electoral votes; however, he  was soon assassinated and succeeded by Chester Arthur. Democrats: Winfield Hancock 1884 Republicans: James Blaine Blaine was accused of corruption in the  Mulligan Letters  and Cleveland an illegitimate son (see “Third  Parties: Mugwumps”). New York turned against the Republicans when one member insulted the Irish.  Cleveland secured victory. Democrats: Grover Cleveland 1888 Republicans: Benjamin Harrison Both candidates “wove the bloody shirt”. Harrison defeated Cleveland despite polling less popular  votes. Harrison empties the large surplus that confounded Cleveland by providing generous pensions  to veterans. Democrats: Grover Cleveland 1892 Republicans: Benjamin Harrison The third party, the Populists, appears and polls an unprecedented 22 electoral votes. The  Republicans continued to champion the protective tariff. Cleveland emerges and takes office the  second time. Democrats: Grover Cleveland Populists: James Weaver 1896 Republicans William McKinley The Democrats adopt Populist issues, essentially absorbing the third party, and nominate Bryans a  strong advocate of silver (“Cross of Gold” speech). Republicans amassed an enormous campaign  chest fearful of destroying the gold standard, calling for stability. McKinley is elected taking the  populous north east. Democrats:
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APUSH Study Guide Unit V - Unit V: The Gilded Age ~18691900~

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