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[Meridian]_Unit_8_Post_World_War_2_Culture_and_Economics -...

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Unit VIII: Post World War II Culture and Economics ~1945-1968~ A Meridian ® APUSH Study Guide by Staff: John Ho, Tim Qi, Jeff Gu, Jason Liu, Amy Young, and Willy Zhang 1945-1952: The Truman Years ¾ Keywords/Terms The Cold War Under Truman Event Date Description Taft-Hartley Act 1947 The act severely restricted the powers of labor unions by outlawing “closed” shops, jurisdiction strikes, secondary boycotts, and picketing. It also required union leaders to take a non-communism oath. Truman vetoed the bill, but it was overridden. “Operation Dixie” 1946- 1953 A post-war campaign launched by the Congress of Industrial Organizations in an attempt to unionize industry in Southern U.S., mainly in textile industry. Operation Dixie failed because of the Jim Crows Laws and Taft-Hartley Act, which limited the powers of labor. Employment Act of 1946 1946 The act’s main purpose was to lay the responsibility of economic stability onto the federal government. Now, it is the government’s duty to promote maximum employment, production, and purchasing power for the nation. This act also created the Council of Economic Advisors which will advise and assist the President in formulating economic policy. Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill of Rights) 1944 Provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one-year of unemployment compensation. It also provided loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses. Dr. Benjamin Spock 1945 Wrote the popular book The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care in 1945. This was the first book that addressed to parents how they should be more flexible and affectionate towards their children. It also explained to parents how to guide children through their childhood. RanD (Research and Development) 1950- 1960 Military budgets financed many scientific research and development and formed the RAND Corporation, which is a “think tank” is a research institute or other organization provides advice and ideas on problems of policy, commerce, and military interest, and are often associated with military laboratories, corporations, academia, or other institutions. ® Copyright© 2006 (April 13 th ) All rights reserved. APUSH Study Guide v1.8 by Meridian Notes. Do not distribute or reproduce without replicating this copyright.
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Agribusiness 1950- 1990 Agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in food production, including farming, seed supply, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesale and distribution, processing, marketing, and retail sales. This turned agriculture into a big business by the 90s. Sunbelt 1950- 1990 An immigration to the southern half of U.S. was known as the Sunbelt, which dramatically increased population. Population boomed in the Sunbelt as more people came to those states to look for more work opportunities. From 1964, presidents were from Sunbelt states and more political and economic powers fell to the Sunbelt states.
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