[Meridian]_Unit_5_The_Gilded_Age1 - Unit V The Gilded Age...

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Unit V: The Gilded Age ~1869-1900~ A Meridian APUSH Study Guide by John Ho and Tim Qi with contributions by Jeff Gu x Politics: Presidential Elections: Characterized by exceptionally close popular vote and constant switching of power in Congress. Elections Republicans: Ulysses Grant 1868 Democrats: Horatio Seymour Campaigning with the “bloody shirt”, Grant is elected, calling “let us have peace”. His administration is scarred by numerous scandals. Republicans: Ulysses Grant 1872 Liberal Republicans and Democrats: Horace Greeley Democrats endorsed the candidate of the split Liberal Republicans Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune . Grant is reelected with a comfortable margin. His policy of contracting money supply is attributed as a cause of the Panic of 1873. Republicans: Rutherford Hayes 1876 Democrats: Samuel Tilden The candidates received an electoral tie, resulting in a Congressional deadlock broken by the Compromise of 1877, where Hayes is allowed to take office under the conditions that Reconstruction end with all troops withdrawn and a railroad through Texas (not kept). Republicans: James A. Garfield 1880 Democrats: Winfield Hancock Garfield advocated for a higher tariff and belatedly called for civil service reforms and Hancock a minimal tariff. Both were Civil War veterans. Garfield secured the most electoral votes; however, he was soon assassinated and succeeded by Chester Arthur. Republicans: James Blaine 1884 Democrats: Grover Cleveland Blaine was accused of corruption in the Mulligan Letters and Cleveland an illegitimate son (see “Third Parties: Mugwumps”). New York turned against the Republicans when one member insulted the Irish. Cleveland secured victory. Republicans: Benjamin Harrison 1888 Democrats: Grover Cleveland Both candidates “wove the bloody shirt”. Harrison defeated Cleveland despite polling less popular votes. Harrison empties the large surplus that confounded Cleveland by providing generous pensions to veterans. Republicans: Benjamin Harrison Democrats: Grover Cleveland 1892 Populists: James Weaver The third party, the Populists, appears and polls an unprecedented 22 electoral votes. The Republicans continued to champion the protective tariff. Cleveland emerges and takes office the second time. Republicans William McKinley 1896 Democrats: William Bryans The Democrats adopt Populist issues, essentially absorbing the third party, and nominate Bryans a strong advocate of silver (“Cross of Gold” speech). Republicans amassed an enormous campaign chest fearful of destroying the gold standard, calling for stability. McKinley is elected taking the populous north east. Third Parties The Populist Movement 1. Farmer’s Grange 1867 A special interest group of farmers which advocated policies Copyright© 2006 (Jan 26 th ) All rights reserved. APUSH Study Guide v2.6 by Meridian Notes. Do not distribute or reproduce without replicating this copyright.
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regulating the price rates of railroads and warehouse sites. 2. Farmer’s Alliance
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[Meridian]_Unit_5_The_Gilded_Age1 - Unit V The Gilded Age...

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