[Meridian]_Progressive_Era_Foreign_Policy1 - The...

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The Progressive Era Foreign Policy ~1900-1920~ A Meridian APUSH Study Guide by John Ho and Tim Qi x Rise To Imperialism h Journalists and Missionaries Imperialist Journalists and Others Joseph Pulitzer William Hearst Competing “ yellow press ” journalists who stimulated urgency for war, often untruthfully exaggerating stories of enemy atrocities, especially in Cuba. Josiah Strong Wrote Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis that advocated imperialism in order to spread the “gospel of democracy”. Alfred Mahan Wrote Influence of Sea Power Upon History in 1890 which argued importance of the navy in world dominance. It strongly changed the perception of naval power and advocated a West Hemisphere canal. h Imperialist Politicians Politicians James Blaine Presided over the Pan American Conference (1889), which established a gradual lowering of tariff among Latin America and the United States, as Secretary of State. Theodore Roosevelt Became a secretary in the naval department, resigned to join the “ Rough Riders h The Cleveland Administration Resolved the Venezuela–Britain dispute, greatly enhancing the reputation the reputation of the Monroe Doctrine (See “Early International Incidents”) Rejecting the Annexation of Hawaii: 1. 1820s: American missionaries settle in Hawaii 2. 1875: Commercial reciprocity treaty between the U.S. and Hawaii 3. 1887: Pearl Harbor granted by native government 4. 1890: American sugar planters tried to annex Hawaii to overcome the McKinley Tariff. The attempt was blocked by Queen Liliuokalani . 5. 1893: A revolt was staged by the American minority; however, Harrison was succeeded by Cleveland who sent an investigator. He withdrew the treaty after realizing that the majority did not want annexation. h The McKinley Administration Cuban Revolt: Staged in 1895 against Spain Cuban Revolt Event Date Description 1. Cuban Dissent 1896 (under Cleveland) Spanish General Weyler establishes concentration camps in Cuba. The United States officially recognizes the revolting Cubans; however, Cleveland refuses to enter the war. 2. Journalist Influence 1897 “Yellow Journalists” turn public opinion against the Spanish, Weyler is removed. McKinley becomes president. Copyright© 2006 (Feb 26 th ) All rights reserved. APUSH Study Guide v1.6 by Meridian Notes. Do not distribute or reproduce without replicating this copyright.
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3. The explosion of the Maine 1898 Washington sends a battleship Maine to protect American property. Maine
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[Meridian]_Progressive_Era_Foreign_Policy1 - The...

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