Progressive Guide - APUSH: Test VI: Progressives, Foreign...

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APUSH: Test VI: Progressives, Foreign Policy, and WWI Supplemental Guide for APUSHERS Progressive Movement: Muckrakers o "Muckrakers" Journalists who searched for and publicized real or alleged acts of corruption of public officials, businessmen, etc. Name coined by Teddy Roosevelt in 1906. o Henry Demarest Lloyd (1847-1903), Wealth Against Commonwealth American writer, he won fame for revealing illegal business practices in the U.S. in the late 1800's. Said many corporations put their interest above the good of the workers. Muckraker novel. o Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives Early 1900's writer who exposed social and political evils in the U.S. Muckraker novel. o Lincoln Steffens (1866-1936), The Shame of the Cities A muckraker novel concerning the poor living conditions in the cities. o Frank Norris (1870-1902), The Octopus A leader of the naturalism movement in literature, he believed that a novel should serve a moral purpose. Wrote The Octopus in 1901 about how railroads controlled the lives of a group of California farmers. A muckraker novel. o Ida Tarbell (1857-1944), History of the Standard Oil Company This 1904 book exposed the monpolistic practices of the Standard Oil Company. Strengthened the movement for outlawing monopolies. A muckraker novel. o Upton Sinclair, The Jungle The author who wrote a book about the horrors of food productions in 1906, the bad quality of meat and the dangerous working conditions. o Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 - Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA. Bull Moose Party The Progressive Party, it was Roosevelt's party in the 1912 election. He ran as a Progressive against Republican Taft, beating him but losing to Democrat Woodrow Wilson. Election of 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft, Debs, issues Wilson, Democrat beat Roosevelt, Progressive (Bull Moose), Taft, Republican and Debs, Socialist. The issues were the economy and growing conflict in Europe. 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th Amendments 1913 - 16th Amendment authorized Congress to levy an income tax. 1913 - 17th Amendment gave the power to elect senators to the people. Senators had previously been appointed by the legislatures of their states. 1919 - 18th Amendment prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages. 1920 - 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote. Depression of 1893 Profits dwindled, businesses went bankrupt and slid into debt. Caused loss of business confidence. 20% of the workforce unemployed. Let to the Pullman strike. New Freedom v New Nationalism o Woodrow Wilson, New Freedom He believed that monopolies had to be broken up and that the government must regulate business. He believed in competition, and called his economic plan "New Freedom." o Theodore Roosevelt, New Nationalism A system win which government authority would be
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Progressive Guide - APUSH: Test VI: Progressives, Foreign...

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