APUSH: Test VI: Progressives, Foreign
Policy, and WWI
Supplemental Guide for APUSHERS
Journalists who searched for and publicized real or
alleged acts of corruption of public officials,
businessmen, etc. Name coined by Teddy Roosevelt in
Henry Demarest Lloyd (1847-1903), Wealth Against
American writer, he won fame for revealing illegal
business practices in the U.S. in the late 1800's. Said
many corporations put their interest above the good of
the workers. Muckraker novel.
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives
Early 1900's writer who exposed social and political
evils in the U.S. Muckraker novel.
Lincoln Steffens (1866-1936), The Shame of the Cities
A muckraker novel concerning the poor living
conditions in the cities.
Frank Norris (1870-1902), The Octopus
A leader of the naturalism movement in literature, he
believed that a novel should serve a moral purpose.
Wrote The Octopus in 1901 about how railroads
controlled the lives of a group of California farmers. A
Ida Tarbell (1857-1944), History of the Standard Oil
This 1904 book exposed the monpolistic practices of
the Standard Oil Company. Strengthened the
movement for outlawing monopolies. A muckraker
Upton Sinclair, The Jungle
The author who wrote a book about the horrors of food
productions in 1906, the bad quality of meat and the
dangerous working conditions.
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906 - Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or
adulterated food or
drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety
and efficacy of
drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence
Bull Moose Party
The Progressive Party, it was Roosevelt's party in the 1912
election. He ran as
a Progressive against Republican Taft, beating him but losing to
Election of 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft, Debs, issues
Wilson, Democrat beat Roosevelt, Progressive (Bull Moose), Taft,
Debs, Socialist. The issues were the economy and growing
conflict in Europe.
16th, 17th, 18th and 19th Amendments
1913 - 16th Amendment authorized Congress to levy an income
tax. 1913 - 17th
Amendment gave the power to elect senators to the people.
previously been appointed by the legislatures of their states.
1919 - 18th
Amendment prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic
beverages. 1920 -
19th Amendment gave women the right to vote.
Depression of 1893
Profits dwindled, businesses went bankrupt and slid into debt.
Caused loss of
business confidence. 20% of the workforce unemployed. Let to
the Pullman strike.
New Freedom v New Nationalism
Woodrow Wilson, New Freedom
He believed that monopolies had to be broken up and
that the government must regulate business. He
believed in competition, and called his economic plan
Theodore Roosevelt, New Nationalism
A system win which government authority would be