[Meridian]_Unit_VIII_Cold_War_to_Reagan_Era

[Meridian]_Unit_VIII_Cold_War_to_Reagan_Era - Unit VIII...

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Unit VIII: Cold War to Reagan Era ~1945-1988~ A Meridian ® APUSH Study Guide by John Ho, Tim Qi, Jason Liu, Jeff Gu, and Willy Zhang Major Elections of the Era: Major Elections Republican: Thomas Dewey Democrat: Harry S. Truman Dixiecrats: Strom Thurmond 1948 Progressive: Henry Wallace Although unpopular, Truman unexpectedly defeated the Republican candidate Dewey. Southern Democrats, furious at the nomination of Truman, split from the Democrats and formed the “Dixiecrat” party advocating the continuation of segregation. Henry Wallace, former Vice President under Roosevelt, also entered the election calling for reconciliation with the Soviets. Even without support of the “Solid South”, Truman won the election. Republican: Richard M. Nixon 1960 Democrat: John F. Kennedy Kennedy secured a narrow victory over former Vice President Nixon. Critics assailed Kennedy’s Catholicism, while Nixon is charged with failing to keep the Soviets from gaining on American prestige. Televised debates as played a prominent role: Kennedy’s appearance may have granted him an advantage. Republican: Richard M. Nixon Democrat: Herbert Humphrey 1968 Independent: George Wallace Nixon promised to restore “law and order” after the Vietnam war and Kennedy’s assassination. The Democratic party was thrown into disarray after the assassination of Robert Kennedy. Wallace advocated continuation of segregation, gaining support of Southern states. Nixon won the election easily. Republican: Ronald Reagan 1980 Democrat: Jimmy Carter Incumbent Carter was unpopular due the stagnant economy and the Iran Hostage Crisis. Reagan promised to revitalize the economy on a conservative platform and won a landslide victory over Carter. ¾ Third Parties: Third Parties of the Era Name Election Description Dixiecrats 1948 Southern Democrats who split from the party opposing Truman’s civil rights platform. Progressive 1948 Henry Wallace, former Vice President under Roosevelt, broke from the Democratic Party and ran under the Progressive Party calling for a “cooling” of the relations with the Soviets. Independent 1960 Party formed against the civil rights platforms of the major parties. It secured the support of the Deep South. Foreign Policy: Also see “Post World War II Presidents” ¾ International Organizations: U.S. International Involvement Name Date Description U.N 1945- Replaced the League of Nations after World War II. The U.S. ® Copyright© 2006 (April 13 th ) All rights reserved. APUSH Study Guide v1.0 by Meridian Notes. Do not distribute or reproduce without replicating this copyright.
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Present became an active member in the organization unlike the former League. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 1949- Present Originally intended to unite the Western nations against Communist influence. After Cold War, however, NATO expanded into former Eastern bloc nations, adopting the role of a mutual defense organization.
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