Foreign Policy Guide - Foreign Policy: Mexico Mexican...

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Foreign Policy: Mexico Mexican Revolution, Diaz, Huerta, Carranza Diaz was ruler of Mexico for 34 years, and caused much terror and bloodshed. Many people fled to the U.S. to plan a revolution. Huerta, in 1913, overthrew Diaz as dictator and had him murdered. Carranza was the leader of the forces against Huerta. The Mexican Revolution was an unstable situation that led to distrust between the U.S. and Mexico. Mexican Migration to the U.S. In the 1800's, Mexicans began moving north to work in agriculture. In the 1920's, they moved into the cities. Men outnumbered women. They faced racial discrimination from Whites. Pancho Villa, General Pershing 1916 - Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico and Pershing was directed to follow him into Mexico. Pershing met with resistance and eventually left without finding Pancho Villa. o Latin America Blaine’s “Big Sister” policy: Open LA markets to Yankee traders. Colombia Panama Revolution The Isthmus of Panama had been part of Columbia. U.S. tried to negotiate with Columbia to build the Panama Canal. Columbia refused, so U.S. encouraged Panama to revolt. Example of Big Stick diplomacy. Venezuela Venezuelan boundary dispute Dispute between the U.S. and Britain involving the point at which the Venezuela / Columbia border was drawn. Britain eventually won the dispute. Venezuelan Crisis 1902 - England, Germany and Italy had blockaded Venezuelan ports because Latin American countries failed to make payments on debts owed to foreign banks. U.S. invoked the Monroe Doctrine and pressured the European powers to back off. o Pacific Hawaii 1820, first missionaries came to here. Cleveland and Hawaii President Cleveland did not want to forcibly annex Hawaii, so he waited five years to do so. McKinley finally did it. Cleveland felt the annexation overstepped the federal government's power.
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Foreign Policy Guide - Foreign Policy: Mexico Mexican...

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