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Unformatted text preview: U.S. Foreign Policy: An Overview Part 2 William McKinley R (1897-1901) Results of Spanish American War: US a world power with an empire European rivals envious especially Germany Latin American countries suspicious of US 1899 Hawaiian Islands Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines 1899-1901 Philippine Insurrection (led by Aguinaldo) 1899 First Open-Door Note in China Designed to counter spheres of influence Sought to influence European imperial powers to allow open trade for all in China Sought to increase Chinese territorial rights 1990: Boxer Rebellion in China US sends troops in a multi-national mission Second Open-Door Note issued Us to be the overseer of the open door in china Sought to uphold Chinese territorial rights Theodore Roosevelt R (1901-1908) Know for the Big Stick Diplomacy Beginning of the bad neighbor policy in Latin America 1901: McKinley assassinated TR takes over Hay-Paucefote Treaty (GB/US) Nullifies old Clayton-Bulwer Treaty Clears way for building of Panama Canal 1902-04 the Colombia/Panama Canal event: Good example of Big Stick Diplomacy (go back to review) 1904 Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine Policy of preventative intervention go back and review 1905 application of policy in Dominican Rep: Takeover of customs houses to manage tariff collection to pay off their European/US debts 1905-06 TR wins Nobel Peace Prize Mediates a peace between Japanese-Russians and between North African countries 1906-07 The Gentlemens Agreement (Japan/US) go back and review 1906-09 US Marines in Cuba: Restore order in uprising Under Platt Amendment and at request of Cuban govt. 1907 The Great White Fleet Diplomatic frolic around the world Paid off big-time in Latin American, Hawaii, New Zealand, Australia, and Japan 1908 Root-Takahira Agreement (Japan/US) Each pledges respect to others Pacific territory Each pledges to uphold Open Door Policy in China William H. Taft R (1908-1912) Know for Dollar Diplomacy State Dept. encouraged US bankers to invest $ into foreign areas of strategic concerns Especially the Far East and Latin America (areas critical to the security of the Panama canal) 1909 Manchurian Rail Proposal: US proposed to buy these railroad lines from Japan and RUSSIA intention to sell back to China Rejected by Japan and Russia The Revolution Riddled Caribbean and Latin America Throughout first century, US troops sent in and out All under Monroe Doctrine Came to be known as the Yankee Lake Examples of Troop deployment Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua Woodrow Wilson D (1912-1920) Known for Moral or Missionary Diplomacy Hated aspects of Big Stick and $ Diplomacy Felt US had a moral obligation to promote Democracy in its foreign policy...
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- Spring '10