[Meridian]_Sectionalism_in_19th_Century_America -...

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Sectionalism in 19 th Century America Introductory Page I. Origin of Sectionalism II. Key Names and Sectional Identities/Roles-Sectional identity not sexual identity III. Key Sectional Issues-etc. IV. Timeline of Sectional Behavior Up To the Civil War-etc. Origins of Sectionalism from Colonies into 19 th Century Geographic and Ecnomic: -Northeast developed industrial-manufacturing—merchant based economy -South developed predominantly agrarian—based economy revolving around cash crop and slavery (first tobacco and rice then cotton after cotton gin) Geographic and Economic cont.: -Early expansion to the west saw agricultural development—the south and the west tended to be more politically and economically tied early on -1810s and on—with the advent of new transportation systems being built (roads, canals, steamboats, and later the railroads), the north and the west became more closely knit politically and economically Constitutional Convention of 1787: -Slavery Issue: 3/5 th s Compromise-for representation and taxes Fugitive Slave Clause-promise to return runaway “property” (after blood hound bill federal troops are used) 20 year Guarantee Clause-to end the importation (not slavery, but the trading of them, keep up slavery through breeding) of slaves within 30 years (1808) (20 years from constitution ratify) -Representation Issue: -Fear that larger, more populous states (tended to be north) would dominate in the Congress Solution = The Great (Connecticut) Compromise Hamilton’s Financial Plan 1790: -Funding all debt at par (South bared a lot of this debt) -The BUS (perception is it’ll only help business in North) -Tariff for protection and revenue raising -The Whiskey tax (hurting the ones in the West, the ones who use corn to make Whisky/use Whiskey as currency) -Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions 1798-1799:
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-Madison and Jefferson’s responses to the Alien and Sedition Acts (main argument was that states should be able to decide constitutionality since Marbury v. Madison not yet decided) -Opens up discussion for nullification -Emphasis on states rights New England’s Treasonous Behavior 1807-1815: -Flouting of Jefferson’s Embargo (O grab me, the caricature of the snapping turtle) -Aiding the enemy during the War of 1812 -Hartford Convention: Want of $ assistance to compensate for lost trade 2/3rds vote in Congress for embargo acts, new states admitted, and war declared (really just focused on protecting own commerce and power, wanted Congress to check for states to ensure they don’t lose power to growing West) -Off-handed discussion of nullification and secession during this time by Federalists (also didn’t like the Virginia Dynasty, wanted 1 term presidency) Expansion/New Lands Policies: -Land Ordinance of 1785: Old Northwest land to be sold and $ used to pay off national debt Land divided into townships—one section devoted to public schools (prominent primary schools don’t pop up till Jacksonian reforms) -Northwest Ordinance of 1787:
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course AMER HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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[Meridian]_Sectionalism_in_19th_Century_America -...

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