The Gilded Age Politics

The Gilded Age Politics - The Gilded Age Politics 1868-1900...

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The Gilded Age Politics 1868-1900
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Big Focus Areas: The Forgettable Presidents: Domination by the Republicans Similarity of the parties until the tariff issue Corruption of the Grant Administration Soft $ v. Hard $: Money policy Civil Service Reform
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Big Focus Areas: The Tariff & the Surplus The Populist Movement: Complaints and Demands The Populist Party and the election of 1892 The Free Silver Election of 1896: The Demo-Pops and the Cross of Gold The repudiation of “inflation” and the agrarian influence
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Part One The Two Political Parties and the Political “Atmosphere” of the Gilded Age
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The Political Makeup of the Gilded Age “The political seesaw was delicately balanced throughout most of the Gilded Age.” (Bailey)
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The Political Makeup of the Gilded Age Evidence of this delicate balance: Close presidential elections House of Reps. Majority party switched 6x from 1869- 1891 The same party had control of both Congress and the White House only 3x As a result, politicians were fearful to take bold & clear stands on any issue As a consequence, elections consisted of personal snipes, dirt-digging & bloody shirt waving (sort of like today…sorry! )
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The Political Makeup of the Gilded Age Remember – the predominant focus during this time is MORE on the huge changes occurring in the social and economic areas of the U.S. – less on politics: Huge industrial expansion Huge shift in population from rural to urban Huge influx of “new” immigrants Era of the business tycoon v. poor laborer
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The Political Makeup of the Gilded Age Government (both parties) tended to support business expansion: Little if any regulation (ICC & Sherman Anti-Trust come Rail road subsidies High tariffs Injunctions and troops against labor strikes; anti-trust suits against unions
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The Two Parties Few economic issues separated both parties For the most part, both in agreement over: Tariff Currency Civil Service reform Both tightly run & efficiently organized by Party Bosses
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The Two Parties The Republicans - Roots in Puritanism - Personal morality - Government to play a role in economy & moral affairs of community The Democrats - Immigrants - Lutheran & Catholic - More forgiving towards human weaknesses - Toleration of differences in an imperfect world
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Geographic Distribution of the Two Parties
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Geographic Distribution of the Two Parties
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Geographic Distribution of the Two Parties
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Geographic Distribution of the Two Parties
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Geographic Distribution of the Two Parties
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The Gilded Age Politics - The Gilded Age Politics 1868-1900...

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