APUSH UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE(3)

APUSH UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE(3) - Names 1 JamesPolk a i ii...

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APUSH UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE Names 1. James Polk a. Dark Horse ” Candidate in the Election of 1844 who ran against  Henry Clay i. He favored expansionism  and slavery ii. He  won  the Election b/c Clay tried to appease both side 1. Ironically, the Liberty Party, who was  against  Polk, took away  votes from  Clay , and thus handed the election to Polk b. Had  4-point Plan i. Lowered the Tariff     1. He thought that the  Whig-Backed Tariff of 1842  was too high a. Passed Walker Tariff     ii.Established a Treasury       System 1. Reestablished the  Independent  Treasury System iii.  Acquisition of  Oregon  County 1. Britain did not want to  give up what they  thought was the Saint Lawrence of the West  2. The US and GB soon got into a populating war, trying to get the  most settlers there to claim the area a. US won 3. Soon before heightened tensions, the Oregon Compromise solved  the issue on the  49 ®  Parallel
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iv. Acquisition of  California  and  New Mexico  from Mexico 1. Polk, who was angered by the lack of response from the  Mexicanos when he asked for a sale, sent General Zachary Talyor   into      Disputed Territory       to provoke a war 2. Treaty of Guadualupe Hidalgo       and the Gasden Purchase a. These treaties ended the war and added California and the  whole Southwest to the US. 2. John Q Adams a. President from 1825-1829 i. Won the election through “ corrupt bargain ” with Clay 1. Clay, as the speaker of the house, promised to get him elected b/c  there was no electoral majority winner in the Election of 1824 a. Later, Clay got Secretary of the State , leading opponents  to believe it was a corrupt bargain b. Presidency was really useless i. Advocated the  American System  ( See Henry Clay) c. Mastermind  Secretary of State i. Monroe Doctrine      (See James Monroe) ii.Florida Purchase     3. James Monroe a. President from 1817 – 1825 i. Monroe Doctrine     1. No more European powers in America 2. Showed American desire of isolationism  3. Americans played the British interest in Americas to their  advantage when they declared “Americas for only America”,  cause they knew that the British would get their backs
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4. British approached them with an alliance deal but instead they  released the Monroe doctrine ii. “Era of Good Feeling” 1. Monroe’s time was known as the era of good feelings 4. J.C. Calhoun a. From the South i. Wrote South Carolina Exposition 1. Against the 1828 Tariff of Abominations b. Leader of the Whig Party  from the  South i. Sectionalist 5. Stephen Douglas a. Designed Compromise of 1850 b. Democratic Party      nominee for  President  in  1860  but lost to Republican Abraham  Lincoln 6. Theodore Weld a.
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