DBQ1991_Treaty_Versailles - D Treaty TheFight verhe...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Fight Over the Versailles Treaty (1991 DBQ) Introduction: Almost as soon as he stepped off the U.S.S. George lVashington, the ship that had brought him to Europe for the peace conference at the end of the Great War, Presi- dent Woodrow Wilson was the center of attention there. Cheering crowds lined the streets and called his name as he rode to meet with his counterparts from France, Britain, and Italy. Those leaders - Georges Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd George of Britain, and Vittorio Orlando of Italy - were les enthusiastic about Wilson and his self-proclaimed mision. Wilson had claimed that America entered the war to"make the world safe for democracy;" the Great War had to be the "war to end war."Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and 0rlando, on the other hand, made no bones about the fact that they had national interests to protect (and previous commitments that they expected the others to honor). Clemenceau scofled atWilson's idealistic l4 Points:"God Himself had only ten!" Wilson, a former Princeton professor, was no ivory tower scholar. He did not expect the representatives of European nations that had lost a generation of young men on the battlefields to immediately share his vision. He brought with him an army of researchers and writers to help in the persuading, and he knew even then that he would have to compromise. When it was finally drafted, the treaty contained many items that Wilson would have preferred to leave out, such as the"war guilt"clause and the imposition of reparations payments on Germany. But the treaty did contain provisions lor the League of Nations, and that, he believed, made it worth fighting for. President Wilson was more surprised by the opposition he encountered at home. When he brought the treaty back to the Senate, it was attacked from all sides. Leading the opposition was Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Henry Cabot Lodge of Masachusetts, who sarcastically noted that he had l4 Reservations to the treaty. But there were others, many with views dramatically diflerent from Lodge's, who objected to the treaty too. Disappointed and alarmed, Wilson took his case to the people late in the summer of 1919, traveling
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

DBQ1991_Treaty_Versailles - D Treaty TheFight verhe...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online