The materials included in these
files are intended for use by
teachers for course and exam
preparation in the classroom;
permission for any other use must
be sought from the Advanced
Placement Program. Teachers may
reproduce them, in whole or
in part, in limited quantities, for
face-to-face teaching purposes
but may not mass distribute the
materials, electronically or
otherwise. These materials and any
copies made of them may not
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must be retained as they
appear here. This permission does
not apply to any third-party
copyrights contained herein.
These materials were produced by Educational Testing
Service (ETS), which develops and administers the
examinations of the Advanced Placement Program for the
College Board. The College Board and Educational
Testing Service (ETS) are dedicated to the principle of equal
and their programs, services, and
employment policies are guided by that principle.
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connecting students to college and opportunity. Founded in
1900, the association is composed of more than
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over three million students and their parents, 22,000 high
schools, and 5,000 colleges, through major programs
and services in college admission, guidance, assessment,
financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning.
Among its best-known programs are the SAT
. The College
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t commitment is embodied in all of its programs,
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Entrance Examination Board.