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APUSH UNIT 2 STUDY GUIDE Chapter 8 – Chapter 12 Stuff to know: 1. Changes to the Anglican Church a. State-church separation b. Turned into the Episocal church 2. Structure of govt a. Articles – govt for the states by the states i. States 1. Powerful Legislative 2. Weak Executive/Weak Judicial ii. National – not involved with the people but with the states 1. Just Weak Legislative (one house)(state representatives) 2. Each state has one vote b. Constitution i. National Supermacy ii. Dual sovernity/Dual Citizenship iii. Checks and Balances iv. Moderate Republicanism v. State gov’ts = National Govt vi. Bicameral Congress where 1. House(2 years) – represents the people 2. Senate(6 years) – represents the states vii. Strong Executive – Represent the Whole Nation viii. Strong Judicial – Represent the law (whole life) c. states 3. Land Ordinance of 1785 a. Acreage of the northwest to be sold and pay off national debt b. Vast area was to be surveyed first before sale and settlement c. Area to be divided into townships, 6 miles square, divided into 36-1 mile squares, d. 16 th square was set aside for the benefit of a public school 4. Northwest ordinance of 1787 a. 1 st – subordinate of the federal govt b. 2 nd – when 60000 inhabitants, it was admitted into the congress with the privileges of the 13 original states c. Also forbade slavery in the old northwest – a pathbreaking gain for freedom 5. Annapolis convention a. Purposed by Hamilton who saw there was a need for change b. 5/13 states showed up c. Deal with interstate commerce d. New govt to be able regulate trade and economy e. Annapolis Resolution – We promise to meet at a later date to revise the Articles of Confederation 6. Shays Rebellion a. was an armed uprising in Central and Western Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787. The rebels, led by Daniel Shays were mostly poor farmers angered by crushing debt and taxes. Failure to repay such debts often resulted in imprisonment in debtor's prisons or the claiming of property by the state. b. Attacked courts and federal arms keep c. Revealed weaknesses of national govt 7. Federalist Papers a. Letters published to convince New York to adopt new constitution but reprinted throughout b. Written by John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton in support for the new Constitution c. The greatest piece on Government d. #15 – Hamilton discusses weakness of govt under Articles of Confederation e. #39 – Madison strives to show that the constitution establishes govt with both national and federal features f. #51 – Madison on Separation of Powers and Complex system of Checks and Balances g. #70 – Hamilton supports the executive branch of govt h. #78 – Hamilton supports the judicial branch of govt 8. Opposition to the constitution
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a. National govt too strong b. Wanted a bill of rights added to the constitution c. Fearful of the power of the executive 9. Marbury v Madison a. President Adams had named William Marbury justice of peace of Washington (“Midnight Judges”)
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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