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APUSH UNIT 2 STUDY GUIDE 1. Changes of the Anglican Church : Tainted by association to the British Crown a. Anglican churched merged into the De-Anglicized, Protestant Episcopal church. b. Thomas Jefferson won freedom of religion with the passage of the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom . 2. Structure of new State Govts: Mainly based off of old charters a. The states had 13 different constitutions, based on the British way of Govt b. No unity, in currency or otherwise, between states; PROBLEM 3. Structure of govt. under the Articles vs. Constitution : a. Constitution strengthened the national government Mainly a strengthening of states’ rights b. Still kept theory of federalism, when it reserved rights not for the govt to the states Under Articles of Confederation Under Federal Constitution A loose league of states A firm union of people (not states!) 1 vote in Congress for each states 2 votes per state in Sen. Vote by pop in HOP 2/3 vote to approve any measures Simply Majority Vote, can be vetoed by Pres. Laws executed by committees of Congress Laws executed by powerful president No congressional power to levy taxes Extensive power in Congress to levy taxes No federal courts Federal courts, capped by a Supreme Court Unanimity of states for Amendment Amending made less difficult No authority to act directly upon individuals and no power to coerce states Ample Power to enforce laws by coercion(forcing) individuals and to some extent, states 4. Land Ordinance of 1785 : Old Northwest under sale a. Provided that the Old Northwest, to the west of the Ohio River and under the Great Lakes, should be sold to help pay the Nat’l Debt . b. Was a c. Land was surveyed, divided, and supremely farsighted decision duly recorded 5. Northwest Ordinance of 1787: criteria for the establishment of states , unlike other sales a. A judicial compromise: Two evolutionary stages i. In the first, the northwest area would be under the tutelage of the Fed. Gov’t ii. Second, when a territory could boast 60,000 citizens, then it could apply for stateship. iii. Slavery was also banned – A groundbreaker b. If the Congress had chained the territories into permanent subordination , then there would have been certainly another Revolution in the West. 6. Shays Rebellion: Impoverished debtors rise a. A few creditors lent money to many debtors i. Many Revolutionary War fighters couldn’t pay of their mortgages b. They took up arms demanding a stop of property takeovers.
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c. They tried to run the courts , to enforce their demands, led by Daniel Shays d. A state militia crushed the “Shaysites” but the memory lingered on.
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