APUSH UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE - APUSH U N I T 3 STUDY GU I DE...

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Unformatted text preview: APUSH U N I T 3 STUDY GU I DE Names 1. James Polk 2. John Q Adams 3. James Monroe 4. J.C. Calhoun 5. Stephen Douglas 6. Theodore Weld 7. Nat Turner a. Led a rebellion of about 60 slaves from Virginia in 1831 b. Caused southerners to become scared of black slaves c. Caused a turning point in the south because Virginia State Legislature voted down legislation that proposed emancipation after hearing about the rebellion i. Southern Anti-slavery societies silenced ii. Slave states tightened their slave codes iii. Slave states voted to prohibit any kind of emancipation 8. Charles Finney 9. Dorthea Dix 10. Washington I rving a. Part of the Knickerbocker Group b. 11. Alexis De Tocqueville 12. Martin Van Buren 13. John Tyler 14. Abraham Lincoln 15. Daniel Webster 16. Nicholas Biddle 17. Fredrick Douglass 18. Denmark Vesey a. Free black that led a Slave Rebellion in Charleston, South Carolina in 1822 b. South Carolinians became uneasy 19. Theodore Frelinghuysen 20. Ralph Waldo Emerson 21. James Fenimore Cooper(1789-1851) a. Part of the Knickerbocker Group b. Recognized as 1st US novelist - The Spy , Leatherstocking Tales (which included The Last of the Mohicans which was popular in Europe) 22. Andrew Jackson 23. William H. Harrison 24. Henry Clay 25. Rober Hayne 26. William Lloyd Garrison a. Passionate preacher of Abolitionism who at many times purposed dark and sinister thoughts such as secession from the Union and ir ritated people (considered a radical by many) b. First preached in Park Street Church in Boston in 1829 c. Helped to found the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833 d. In 1831 published “The Liberator”, t riggering a 30-year war of words and in a sense firing one of the first shots of the Civil War. e. Blamed for the Nat Turner Rebellion 27. Harriet Tubman 28. George Whitefield 29. Henry Barnard 30. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 31. Horace Mann Court Cases 1. Marbury v. Madison a. President Adams had named William Marbury justice of peace of Washington (“Midnight Judges”) b. Jefferson shelving this position to the new Secretary of State James Madison c. Chief Justice John Marshall dismissed Marbury’s suit to avoid political showdown d. He said that Part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional e. Established Judicial Review – the idea that the Supreme Court had the last word on constitutionality f. Constitution embodied a higher power than any other law g. “The constitution is either a superior paramount law… ” h. “If the former part of the alternative be t rue, then a legislative act contrary to the constitution is now law…” i. “It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial departments…” j. “If, then, the courts are to regard the constitution…” 2. McCulloch v Maryland(1819) a. Maryland not allowed to tax US bank notes – strengthen federal power b. “Power to tax involves power to destroy”… “Power to create implies a power to preserve” 3. Gibbons v Ogden(1824) a. New York to grant a monopoly of water commerce between New York and...
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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APUSH UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE - APUSH U N I T 3 STUDY GU I DE...

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