british_laws - PART III: AP US. HISTORY REVIEW Colonists...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: PART III: AP US. HISTORY REVIEW Colonists had been smuggling molasses from French colonies and not paying the tax. Strict enforcement meant paying the tax or not having molasses. Because the balance of trade had shifted to Great Britain around 1750, colonial merchants had been sending large amounts of currency to Great Britain to pay their taxes, already making it difficult for merchants to do business. Reduced tax on molasses brought into colonies from British and non—British ports; meant to strengthen the Molasses Act, 1733 Forbid the colonies from issuing their own paper money; taxes to be paid in gold or silver coin, specie, rather than paper money Currency Act, 1764 Quartering Act, 1765 Stamp Act, 1765 Colonists feared this was the beginning of a permanent British army that they would have to support. Passed as a way to save money on keeping the British army sent after the Proclamation of 1763; colonists to provide barracks and supplies for the soldiers Provided that colonists must buy a special stamp to place on almost every kind of document: wills, marriage licenses, playing cards, newspapers, etc. (The English had been paying this tax since 1694.) It was the first tax placed on goods made and sold in the colonies, and, as such, did not support mercantilism. Townshend Acts, Placed inlport duties on such goods This was the first tax levied on goods 1767 as glass, paint, paper, and tea; imported from Great Britain. created more admiralty courts; suspended the New York legislature because it had refused to obey the Quartering Act Revenue raised by the tax was to be used to pay salaries of royal governors and judges in the colonies, thus negating the power of the purse. Tea merchants not chosen to sell the company’s tea feared they would lose their businesses. There was also concern that in time the sale of other goods could be controlled in the same way. Continued tax on tea imposed by the Townshend Act; gave monopoly on selling tea in the Colonies to the British East India Company; allowed company to choose merchants to sell its tea in the colonies Tea Act, 1775 CHAPTER 5: REVIEWING THE COLONIAL PERIOD TO 1789 “stigma”; a e Intolerable Acts, Aimed specifically at Massachusetts 1774 as a result of the Boston Tea Party: that colonists believed were theirs as (also known as . British subjects, angered not only Coercive Acts) . fiéwtfieizgfi; 3226;103:152); colonists in Massachusetts but throughout the colonies. Quartering Act: required colonists to house troops sent to Massachusetts to enforce the Intolerable Acts Administration of Justice Act: allowed a soldier or official accused of a crime to be tried F outside the colony if the governor believed the person could not receive a fair trial in the colony Massachusetts Bay Regulating Act: revoked the colony's charter Quebec Act, 1774 Extended the province of Quebec Although the act was not meant to south to the Ohio River valley and punish the English colonists, they west to the Mississippi River; British viewed it as such because it negated officials would govern it directly, but the claims of Massachusetts, colonists could keep their laws; Connecticut, and Virginia to parts of Roman Catholics could continue to the new province and allowed practice their religion Roman Catholicism. ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Page1 / 2

british_laws - PART III: AP US. HISTORY REVIEW Colonists...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online