Chapter1id - SaiRam APHistory Mr.Babich1A September1,2010...

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Sai Ram Sampath Kumar Medepalli AP History Mr. Babich 1A September 22, 2015 Chapter I ID’s PEOPLE 1. Christopher Columbus: Christopher Columbus was an Italian-Spanish navigator who sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a route to Asia but achieved fame by making landfall, instead, in the Caribbean Sea. His ‘discovery’ of San Salvador in 1492 earned him a name of greatness because San Salvador is a gateway between two countries and therefore extremely useful for trade. 2. Prince Henry: Prince Henry the Navigator attempted to improve and codify his knowledge of navigation. He searched for a new route to the Orient and found Cape Verde (now Dakar) in 1445. There, he learned much, spread Christianity and sung Portugal’s glory. 3. John Smith: John Smith was an English colonizer in America. After some years of military adventure abroad, he became an investor in the London Company, and he was one of the members of the expedition that, in 1607, established Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in America. He organized trade with the Native Americans and led expeditions to explore and map the region surrounding Jamestown. 4. John Rolfe: John Rolfe was an English colonist of Jamestown, Virginia, who was married to Pocahontas, the younger daughter of the Native American chief Powhatan in 1614. He reached Virginia in 1610 and became a planter. Rolfe cultivated the strain of tobacco that became Virginia's staple crop— exports of tobacco to England provided economic stability for the colony. In 1621 he became a member of the colony's first Council of State. 5. Anglican Church: The acts of Parliament between 1529 and 1536 mark the beginning of the Anglican Church as a national church independent of papal jurisdiction. Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII, was unable to reinstall Catholicism into the church and therefore the church remained an Anglican establishment throughout the ruling of Queen Elizabeth I from 1558 until 1603. Puritans: Puritans or Separatists did not want to conform to the rules of the Anglican Church. The Puritans ideology even made them decide to migrate to America in search of religious freedom. This began, in the 1930’s, what was known as the Great Migration in which thousands of Puritans moved to America. Roger Williams: He then obtained an appointment as teacher of the church in Salem, Massachusetts, but following a disagreement with the Boston
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authorities concerning the regulation of religious matters, he went to Plymouth Colony as assistant pastor. In 1633 he was permitted to return to Salem as an assistant teacher, and in 1634 he was appointed teacher. Williams again found himself in conflict with the colonial government when he challenged the validity of the Massachusetts Bay charter, which gave the authorities power to appropriate Native American lands without compensation and to establish a uniform faith and worship among the colonists. He asserted that only direct purchase from the Native Americans constituted a valid title to
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